You can provide these resources to patients to help them before, during and post screening. See the full resource library.
Before screening appointment
- Fact sheet explaining self-collection and the Cervical Screening Test
- Video explaining the Cervical Screening Test
During screening appointment
- Instructional video on how to take a Cervical Screening Test sample
- Visual guide on how to collect your own vaginal sample for a Cervical Screening Test
Post screening appointment
For healthcare providers
Watch our case study video on overcoming the LGBTIQ+ barriers.
LGBTIQ+ people experience higher rates of discrimination and poorer health outcomes than other Australians. They may be less likely to have regular Cervical Screening Tests than heterosexual people. This is particularly the case for people who have never had sex with men.
Transgender men who have a cervix are also at risk of cervical cancer. They are less likely to have regular Cervical Screening Tests than the general population, and more likely to have an unsatisfactory result. They are also less likely to be offered screening by healthcare providers.
There are general barriers that people face in participating in cervical screening. People who identify as lesbian, bisexual or are same-sex attracted, and people who identify as transgender and have a cervix can face extra barriers relating to:
- misconceptions that they are not at risk of cervical cancer (i.e. belief that cervical screening is not necessary)
- misconceptions by healthcare providers that they are not at risk of cervical cancer (i.e. incorrectly advising patients not to participate in screening).
- misconceptions that HPV is only spread through heterosexual intercourse (i.e. incorrect belief that women who have not had sex with men are not at risk of cervical cancer).
- discrimination and social stigma
- fear of negative attitudes of healthcare providers
- high levels of psychological distress, experiences of trauma and abuse
- lack of understanding by healthcare providers about sexual and gender diversity
- heterosexual assumptions by healthcare providers
- difficulty finding a suitable healthcare provider (i.e. accepting, empathetic, non- judgemental)
- previous negative experiences with healthcare providers/healthcare services
- reluctance to disclose sexual orientation or identity
- potential distress for transgender patients caused by the conflict between their sex assigned at birth (i.e. female) and their gender identify (i.e. male)
- transgender men with a cervix may find speculum examinations painful.
Ways to engage
Avoid making assumptions
Choice of cervical screening collection method