About reproductive health

Reproductive health is an important part of overall physical and mental health and wellbeing, including being able to have a child when you choose to. Many conditions can affect reproductive health and fertility. About 1 in 9 Australian couples experience fertility issues.

What reproductive health is

Reproductive health includes:

  • a state of physical, mental and social wellbeing in matters relating to the reproductive system
  • the ability to have a safe and satisfying sex life
  • the ability and freedom to have a child if, when and how often you choose to
  • the ability to have a healthy pregnancy, safe delivery and healthy baby.

Good reproductive health includes having access to:

  • information and family planning services
  • health care, including preventive screening, diagnosis and treatment of reproductive issues, abortion services, and pregnancy and delivery care
  • health care and support in cases of family, domestic and sexual violence
  • contraception
  • protection from, and treatment of, sexually transmissible infections (STI).

Many things can affect the reproductive health system or result in infertility, including:

Why reproductive health is important

Reproductive health is an important part of a person’s overall physical, mental and emotional health and wellbeing, as well as quality of life. Good reproductive health enables people to have children if and when they choose to.

Reproductive health in Australia

Fertility problems affect about 1 in 9 Australian couples of reproductive age. The number of couples who need fertility treatments to become pregnant is increasing. Reasons include:

  • fertility issues experienced by men (about 40%)
  • fertility issues experienced by women (about 40%)
  • a combination of factors or unknown reasons (about 20%).

Get support

If you need support with your reproductive health, contact:

Read more about what we’re doing about reproductive health.


1800RESPECT is a confidential information, counselling and support service. It is available for free, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to support people impacted by domestic, family or sexual violence. You can contact them by phone or online chat anytime.

Read more about what we’re doing about reproductive health.

Date last updated:

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