AISR fortnightly report no. 7 – 20 June to 3 July 2022
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The Australian Influenza Surveillance Report (AISR) is compiled from several data sources used to monitor influenza activity and severity in the community. These data sources include:
- laboratory-confirmed notifications to NNDSS
- influenza-associated hospitalisations
- sentinel influenza-like illness (ILI) reporting from general practitioners
- ILI-related community level surveys
- sentinel laboratory testing results.
The AISR is published fortnightly during the influenza season, typically between May and October. Influenza activity updates may be published outside of the seasonal period.
It is important to note that due to the COVID-19 epidemic in Australia, data reported from the various influenza surveillance systems may not represent an accurate reflection of influenza activity. Results should be interpreted with caution, especially where comparisons are made to previous influenza seasons. Interpretation of 2020 influenza activity data should take into account, but are not limited to, the impact of social distancing measures, likely changes in health seeking behaviour of the community including access to alternative streams of acute respiratory infection specific health services, and focussed testing for COVID-19 response activities. Current COVID-19 related public health measures and the community’s adherence to public health messages are also likely having an effect on transmission of acute respiratory infections, including influenza.
Influenza-like-illness (ILI) activity in the community to date this year peaked in May and June.
In the year to date in 2022, there have been 187,431 notifications reported to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) in Australia, of which 36,719 notifications had a diagnosis date this fortnight.
From mid-April 2022, the weekly number of notifications of laboratory-confirmed influenza reported in Australia has exceeded the 5 year average.
In the year to date, of the 187,431 notifications of laboratory-confirmed influenza, 113 influenza-associated deaths have been notified to the NNDSS.
Since commencement of seasonal surveillance in April 2022, there have been 1,323 hospital admissions due to influenza reported across sentinel hospitals sites, of which 6.5% were admitted directly to ICU.
There is no indication of the potential impact of the 2022 season on society at this time.
In 2022 to date, people aged 5–9 years, children aged younger than 5 years, and people aged 10–19 years have the highest notification rates.
To date, 82.8% of notifications of laboratory-confirmed influenza reported to the NNDSS were influenza A, of which 94.6% were influenza A(unsubtyped), 0.8% were influenza A(H1N1), and 4.6% were influenza A(H3N2). Influenza B accounted for 0.1% of notifications, less than 0.1% were A&B co-infections, and 17.2% were untyped.
Vaccine match and effectiveness
Of the 1,195 samples referred to the WHOCC to date, 99.0% of influenza A(H1N1), 96.0% of influenza A(H3N2), and the influenza B/Victoria sample, were characterised as antigenically similar to the corresponding vaccine components.
It is too early to assess vaccine match and effectiveness for this season.