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Modified Monash Model

The Modified Monash Model (MMM) defines whether a location is a city, rural, remote or very remote. Read about the MMM and how to search for areas classified under its structure.

What is the Modified Monash Model?

The Modified Monash Model (MMM) is how we define whether a location is a city, rural, remote or very remote.

The model measures remoteness and population size on a scale of Modified Monash (MM) category MM 1 to MM 7. MM 1 is a major city and MM 7 is very remote.

Understanding the MMM classifications helps us distribute the health workforce better in rural and remote areas.

MMM classifications are based on the Australian Statistical Geography Standard - Remoteness Areas (ASGS-RA) framework.

Who manages the MMM?

Our analysts review and update the MMM after each Census. The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) conducts the national Census every five years.

What is the MMM used for?

The MMM tells us about an area according to geographical remoteness and town size.

Areas classified MM 2 to MM 7 are rural or remote. People living in these areas can find it harder to get medical help. Accessing doctors can take longer and cost more.

The Distribution Priority Area classification uses MMM boundaries.

Some government programs use the MMM to define their eligibility requirements.

From January 2020, Department of Health programs are transitioning to use the MMM classification.

How to find current areas under the MMM

You can find 2015 and 2019 MMM classifications on the Health Workforce Locator.

Read more about the MMM and updates to the classification in the MMM fact sheet.

Modified Monash Model classifications table

Modified Monash category

Inclusions

MM 1

All areas categorised ASGS-RA1.

MM 2

Areas categorised ASGS-RA 2 and ASGS-RA 3 that are in, or within 20km road distance, of a town with a population greater than 50,000.

MM 3

Areas categorised ASGS-RA 2 and ASGS-RA 3 that are not in MM 2 and are in, or within 15km road distance, of a town with a population between 15,000 and 50,000.

MM 4

Areas categorised ASGS-RA 2 and ASGS-RA 3 that are not in MM 2 or MM 3 and are in, or within 10km road distance, of a town with a population between 5,000 and 15,000.

MM 5

All other areas in ASGS-RA 2 and 3.

MM 6

All areas categorised ASGS-RA 4 that are not on a populated island that is separated from the mainland in the ABS geography and is more than 5km offshore.

Islands that have an MM 5 classification with a population of less than 1,000 (2019 Modified Monash Model classification only).

MM 7

All other areas; that being ASGS-RA 5 and areas on a populated island that is separated from the mainland in the ABS geography and is more than 5km offshore.

Last updated: 
4 July 2019