About CBRN incidents
CBRN incidents are those where criminals or terrorists cause harm to people through the threatened, or deliberate, use of:
- biological agents
- radiological agents
- nuclear materials.
When a CBRN incident happens, whether deliberate or by accident, and it becomes a national emergency, Australia’s Chief Medical Officer activates the National Incident Centre. We publish health-related information about the emergency on our website to keep the public informed.
Planning for CBRN attacks
Affected states or territories are responsible for managing the impact of CBRN incidents. When a CBRN emergency needs to be managed on a national level, our plan outlines how we will coordinate our health response.
This type of attack would require a broad government response – we would only manage the health aspects of the incident. The plan:
- describes which agency would lead the response
- makes sure all agencies involved can communicate quickly and clearly
- ensures consistent decision-making.
Domestic Health Response Plan for Chemical, Biological, Radiological or Nuclear Incidents of National Significance (CBRN Plan)
Several biological agents (bacteria, viruses and toxins) could potentially be used in a bioterrorist act, because they are easy to transmit or cause severe illness. These include:
- botulinum toxin
- viral haemorrhagic fevers such as Ebola, Lassa and Marburg viruses.
We have developed specific plans and clinical guidelines for responding to:
- exposure to
- the deliberate release of
Regulating biological agents
To limit opportunities for bioterrorism, we administer a regulatory scheme for security-sensitive biological agents (SSBAs).
You can report any concerns about possible bioterrorism to the National Security Hotline.