About TB

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that damages the lungs or other parts of the body and can cause serious illness and death. TB is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Disease type: 
Respiratory
Vaccination available under NIP: 
No
Notifiable disease: 
Yes

Prevention, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

The vaccine for tuberculosis is called the Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccine. It is not part of the childhood immunisation program, as TB rates in Australia are very low.  

For information about prevention, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment, see healthdirect's TB page

Surveillance and reporting

TB is a nationally notifiable disease

We monitor cases through the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS).

For more on TB in Australia, you can search Communicable Diseases Intelligence.  

Related work

We have a translated fact sheet giving advice for international students on tuberculosis (TB) screening and treatment.

Last updated: 
14 June 2022