Smallpox was a serious disease caused by the variola virus. Smallpox is the only infectious disease to have been completely wiped out worldwide – officially eradicated in 1979 after an international immunisation campaign.
Prevention, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
For information about prevention, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment, see healthdirect's smallpox page.
Surveillance and reporting
Smallpox is a nationally notifiable disease.
We monitor cases through the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS).
For more on smallpox in Australia, you can search Communicable Diseases Intelligence.