About smallpox

Smallpox was a serious disease caused by the variola virus. Smallpox is the only infectious disease to have been completely wiped out worldwide – officially eradicated in 1979 after an international immunisation campaign. 

Disease type: 
Listed human
Vaccination available under NIP: 
Notifiable disease: 

Prevention, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

For information about prevention, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment, see healthdirect's smallpox page.

Surveillance and reporting

Smallpox is a nationally notifiable disease

We monitor cases through the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS).

For more on smallpox in Australia, you can search Communicable Diseases Intelligence.  

Last updated: 
14 June 2022