Rubella (German measles)

Find out how we define and monitor cases of rubella, how you can get vaccinated, and where you can learn more about this disease.

About rubella

Rubella is sometimes called German measles, but it is not the same disease as measles. 

Rubella is usually a mild illness, with a fever, rash and swollen lymph glands. However, if contracted by pregnant women during the first 10 weeks of pregnancy, the disease can cause life-long problems for babies. 

Disease type:
Vaccination available under NIP:
Notifiable disease:


Rubella can be prevented with vaccination. If you're eligible, you can get rubella vaccines for free under the National Immunisation Program. See more information about when to get vaccinated.


Find out more about getting vaccinated against rubella

Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

For information about symptoms, diagnosis and treatment, see healthdirect's rubella page

Surveillance and reporting

Rubella is a nationally notifiable disease

We monitor cases through the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS). 

For more on rubella in Australia, you can search Communicable Diseases Intelligence.  

Date last updated:

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