About leprosy

Leprosy is an infection of the skin and nerves caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae. It is rare in Australia and can be easily treated and cured with antibiotics. Leprosy is also known as Hansen's disease.

Disease type: 
Other notifiable
Vaccination available under NIP: 
No
Notifiable disease: 
Yes

Prevention, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

For information about prevention, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment, see healthdirect's leprosy page.

Surveillance and reporting

Leprosy is a nationally notifiable disease.

We monitor cases through the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System.

For more on leprosy in Australia, you can search Communicable Diseases Intelligence

Last updated: 
14 June 2022