Alison McMillan explains how to wear PPE
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Hello, I'm Alison McMillan, Australia's Chief Nursing and Midwifery Officer. 

I know many of you in the aged care sector have questions about how when you should be wearing personal protective equipment, also known as PPE.

PPE has been rolled out to aged care services with a priority on services with a suspected or confirmed case of COVID-19. 

To prepare, I'm going to show you how to wear PPE and let you know when you should be wearing it in residential care and in in-home care. 

PPE should be worn whenever you are treating someone with a confirmed or suspected case of COVID-19. You do not have to wear it when you are caring for other residents and clients.

It's quite likely that the person you're caring for will have some concerns at this time. Please take the time to explain to them the right use of PPE and to their families. 

It's important to reassure them that you are well and you've followed all of the required hygiene practices before providing their care. 

Care recipients with a suspected or confirmed case of COVID-19 will be cared for in isolation. 

When you're providing clinical or personal care you will need to wear a gown, a surgical mask, protective eye wear and gloves. 

Cleaners and food delivery workers that need to enter a room of someone with COVID-19 also needs to wear PPE. 

I'll now show you how to put on and remove PPE. 

Before putting on PPE you must wash your hands with alcohol based sanitiser or soap and water. 

First put on your gown, fully cover your torso from neck to knee, arms to the end of the wrists and wrap around the back. Fasten at the neck and the waist. 

Next you put on a surgical mask. With a surgical mask the white side sits towards the face. 

Secure the ties at the middle of the back of your head and neck. Fit the flexible band to the bridge of your nose and fit snugly to your face and below your chin. 

Eye protection comes next. Glasses are easy to put on. Splash shields or goggles should be placed on your eyes and face an adjusted to fit. 

Finally you need to put on gloves. When you put on gloves, extend them to cover the wrists of the gown.

After treating a care recipient, start to remove PPE while you're still in the room. 

When removing gloves, the principles are demonstrated here, do not let the outside of the gloves touch your exposed skin. 

Once removed, discard the gloves immediately into a waste container and hygiene your hands. 

To remove the gown unfasten the gown ties. Take care that the sleeves do not contact your body when reaching for the ties. 

Pull the gown away from your neck and shoulders. Make sure you only touch the inside of the gown. 

Turn the gown inside out then fold or roll into a bundle and discard in a waste container and hygiene your hands.

Then step out of the room. Outside of the room, remove protective glasses by holding the arms. 

Once removed clean reusable equipment or discard disposable items in a waste container and hygiene your hands.

To remove the mask, undo the bottom ties are plastics, then grasp the top ones.

Do not touch the front of the mask. Discard immediately into a waste container. 

Immediately after removing all PPE hygiene your hands again using soap and water or an alcohol based sanitiser.

PPE can safely be removed in other orders, but always gloves first and mask last. 

To protect yourself you need to avoid contaminating your clothing, skin, eyes, nose or mouth when taking off used PPE. So always make sure not to touch the front of any items.

The guidelines for eye protection are different from other PPE.

Eye protection must be worn when providing care to someone with suspected or confirmed COVID-19. 

This is because a person that has symptoms might produce droplets that can transmit the virus. 

If you're providing care to a person who is a close contact to a confirmed COVID-19 case, but is asymptomatic, or not showing symptoms, they will be in quarantine.

Although you do need to wear PPE, the wearing of eye protection is optional. 

If you have any questions about when and how to wear PPE, go to 

The work you were doing is so important to protect our most vulnerable Australians. 

If we continue to work together, reduce the spread of COVID-19 and save lives. 

And please always wash your hands. 

Thank you.