International travel and COVID-19
Fully vaccinated Australian citizens and permanent residents can travel overseas without an exemption. There will also be reduced quarantine requirements for fully vaccinated travellers when they return to or enter Australia. Learn more about vaccinations, pre-flight testing and travel requirements.
Travelling into and out of Australia
You must show evidence that you have been vaccinated, at least 7 days prior to international travel into or out of Australia, with a vaccine approved or recognised by the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA).
You must provide evidence of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 3 days of your flight’s scheduled departure to your airline when you check-in for a flight to travel into Australia.
See more about pre-flight testing for travel into Australia.
Children under 12 years of age can travel overseas without an exemption.
Temporary visa holders
These rules also apply to people who hold a temporary visa and were vaccinated overseas including:
- international students
- Australian residents
Medical exemption holders
People who can show proof they cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons can also travel without an exemption. See more about providing proof of exemption.
If you don’t meet the requirements for international travel
People who do not meet these eligibility requirements must seek an exemption to travel overseas.
They may also be subject to current passenger caps and quarantine arrangements when returning to Australia. Quarantine arrangements are at the discretion of the state or territory of arrival.
Approved and recognised vaccines
Australia considers you to be fully vaccinated if you have completed a course, including a mixed dose, of a TGA approved or recognised vaccine. Current accepted vaccines and dosages for the purposes of travel are:
Two doses at least 14 days apart of:
- AstraZeneca Vaxzevria
- AstraZeneca Covishield
- Pfizer/Biontech Comirnaty
- Moderna Spikevax
- Sinovac Coronavac
- Sinopharm BBIBP-CorV (for people aged 18-60) (read more about acceptable variations of this vaccine)
- Bharat Biotech Covaxin.
Or one dose of:
- Johnson & Johnson/ Janssen-Cilag COVID Vaccine.
Seven days must have passed since the final dose of vaccine in a course of immunisation for you to be considered fully vaccinated. Mixed doses count towards being fully vaccinated as long as all vaccines are approved or recognised by the TGA.
If you have not been vaccinated with the above doses or schedule, you do not meet Australia's definition of 'fully vaccinated.' This includes instances where the dosing schedule or vaccine eligibility differs in your country of origin.
The most up-to-date information on approved and recognised vaccines is available on the TGA website.
Proof of vaccination in Australia
Australians departing and returning to Australia must provide an international COVID-19 vaccination certificate (ICVC) as evidence of vaccination.
You can get your ICVC through the MyGov portal.
You must present your IVCV to airline staff at check-in for departure to and from Australia.
Proof of vaccination overseas
Anyone vaccinated overseas who wants to travel into Australia must present a vaccination certificate issued by the country they were vaccinated in.
- Australian citizens and permanent residents
- their immediate family members aged 12 years and over.
Your vaccination certificate must confirm you have been vaccinated with a vaccine approved or recognised by the TGA.
You must also confirm your vaccination status in an Australian Travel Declaration and (from December) Digital Passenger Declaration.
Proof of medical exemption
If you have a medical contraindication reported for all COVID-19 vaccines available in Australia, you can use either your COVID-19 digital certificate or immunisation history statement as proof.
Only eligible health professionals can report medical contraindications to the Australian Immunisation Register (AIR).
If you cannot demonstrate that your medical contradiction has been reported to the AIR, you must apply for a travel exemption.
Pre-departure testing when leaving Australia
Australia does not have pre-departure testing requirements for people leaving the country.
But the country you are travelling to may have testing requirements. For country-specific travel advice see Smartraveller.
You should also check with the nearest embassy or consulate of the destination you’re planning to visit for latest advice on requirements for entry.
Pre-departure testing for travel into Australia
People travelling to Australia need to provide a negative COVID-19 PCR test result.
This includes people travelling on flights from New Zealand.
You must present evidence of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 3 days of your flight’s scheduled departure to your airline when you check-in for your flight.
Find out more about PCR test requirements, including what to do if your PCR test result is positive, when you have already had and recovered from COVID-19, and medical exemptions for pre-departure testing.
State and territory requirements for incoming travellers
While all fully vaccinated Australians may leave Australia without an exemption, arrangements for returning to Australia will depend on the state or territory you are travelling to.
Visit the relevant state or territory government website for information about the current quarantine requirements that apply in that jurisdiction.
If you need to transit through a state or territory on your way to your destination state or territory, you may also need to take into account domestic travel restrictions.
It is your responsibility to understand and comply with travel restrictions and requirements that apply to you.
Non-Australian travellers need an exemption to come into Australia even if they are vaccinated with a recognised vaccine.
Find out more about the rules for non-commercial maritime crew, transit passengers, foreign diplomats, and other travellers.
Maritime crew (excluding cruise ships and non-commercial vessels)
States and territories may choose to implement a variety of requirements for maritime crew. This could include:
- mandatory quarantine in designated accommodation at the point of arrival in Australia
- self-quarantine at their accommodation or on the vessel.
Industry should ensure they are aware of individual state and territory requirements for maritime crew before arrival.
If necessary, you can seek an exemption from state and territory requirements from the relevant state or territory.
Learn more about national quarantine requirements for maritime crew from our marine industry fact sheet.
Non-commercial boats and vessels
Non-commercial vessels arriving in Australian territory from an overseas location must be aware of their obligations to keep Australia safe from COVID-19. This includes:
- leisure boats
- non-commercial vessels that have been in contact with an international vessel.
For more information about COVID-19 requirements for non-commercial vessels, there is a factsheet on the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment's website.
Recommended quarantine exemptions for some other travellers
The Australian Health Protection Principal Committee (AHPPC) recognises some other travellers should be exempt from quarantine requirements. This is as long as they take steps to mitigate risk.
These are national recommendations. However, as state and territory governments manage mandatory quarantine, other requirements may apply depending on the state or territory you arrive in.
These travellers must apply for a quarantine exemption in line with state and territory requirements.
International transit passengers arriving into Australia can leave on another international flight that leaves from the city you arrived in. You must:
- stay at the airport if you must wait for your next flight for up to 8 hours
- go to mandatory quarantine at a state designated facility if the wait for your next flight is from 8 to 72 hours.
Transit passengers cannot travel within Australia, even to meet a departing international flight in another city.
Unaccompanied minors may be allowed to travel within Australia after arrival to quarantine with a parent or guardian, unless otherwise specified by the relevant state or territory. For further information, please contact your state or territory government health department.
Foreign diplomats need to quarantine for 14 days on return to Australia. They can quarantine at their mission or usual place of residence.
Australia has legal obligations under the Vienna Convention to ensure diplomats’ freedom of movement and travel, and protection from detention.
Compassionate or medical grounds
Submit applications for a quarantine exemption on medical or compassionate grounds to the relevant state or territory. They will consider requests on a case by case basis
You won’t be permitted to travel domestically (including to your home) or continue on any domestic connections until you have completed the 14-day mandatory quarantine period.
If you would like to apply for an exemption based on compassionate or medical grounds, you must apply to the state or territory you will arrive in well before you travel in Australia.
If you are applying for an exemption and are required to travel through more than one state or territory within the 14 day mandatory quarantine period, you must apply for a quarantine exemption from each one you are required to travel through.
If you are granted a mandatory quarantine exemption, you might still have to self-quarantine at home or in other accommodation.
Find out how to apply for an exemption from the state or territory quarantine authority:
- Australian Capital Territory
- New South Wales
- Northern Territory
- South Australia
- Western Australia
Whether you’re travelling in Australia or overseas, make sure you know the facts about COVID-19.
Keep informed through our COVID-19 news and media.