17. The parent organism is cultivated cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), which is the most commonly cultivated cotton species worldwide. Cotton is exotic to Australia and is grown as an agricultural crop in New South Wales and in southern and central Queensland, and on a trial basis in northern Queensland, northern Western Australia and in the Northern Territory.

18. Cotton is grown as a source of textile and industrial fibre, cottonseed oil for food use, and cottonseed meal for animal feed. Further detailed information about the parent organism is contained in a reference document, The Biology of Gossypium hirsutum L. and Gossypium barbadense L. (cotton), which was produced to inform the risk assessment process for licence applications involving GM cotton plants (OGTR 2008). The document is available from the OGTR or from the website.

19. All GM cotton events have been backcrossed into the FibreMax 966 genetic background (a commercial variety grown in the USA), and may be crossed into other elite commercial backgrounds.