Foundations for the Future - The Commonwealth Government's commitment to health and medical research

Page last updated: 08 May 2007

Leading the way

Early 1990s

Professor Terry Dwyer, Professor Anne-Louise Ponsonby and a team from the Menzies Research Institute, University of Tasmania, begin to link SIDS with sleeping position.


Professor Peter Doherty is awarded a Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for research into immunology.


Work by Peter Coleman, Jose Varghese and Mark von Ilzstein, building on early research by Dr Graeme Laver at the Australian National University, leads to the development of the world’s first anti-influenza drug Relenza.


Australian Professor Alan Trounson, along with a US team, isolates human embryonic stem cells for the first time.


A world-first technique for ‘grow-your-own’ arteries for heart bypass is developed by University of Queensland researchers.


Perth plastic surgeon, Dr Fiona Wood, helps Bali bombing victims through her work in accelerating healing of burns victims through synthetic ‘spray on’ skin.


Professor Ian Frazer’s clinical trial for a cervical cancer vaccine is a success.


Perth researchers Robin Warren and Barry Marshall win a Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for discovering bacterium treatable by antibiotics is the cause of most gastritis and stomach ulcers.


Gardasil, Professor Ian Frazer’s vaccine to prevent cervical cancer, becomes available for women in Australia and around the world.