Diagnostic imaging, scans and X-rays
Diagnostic imaging includes ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) scans, X-rays (including mammography), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear medicine imaging and positron emission tomography (PET). Find out what we’re doing to support this important part of our health system.
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Diagnostic imaging, scans and X-rays in Australia
In Australia in 2017-18, health professionals performed more than 27 million diagnostic images that were funded under Medicare.
Images are created using:
- radiation — X-rays (including mammography), CT scans, PET scans, nuclear medicine
- sound waves — ultrasound
- magnetic fields and radio waves — MRIs
A radiologist (or other medical practitioner) interprets the images and reports this information to your doctor.
What we’re doing about diagnostic imaging, scans and X-rays
Service providers need special equipment and training to interpret diagnostic images
Our work on Medicare helps to reduce the cost of diagnostic imaging services so more people can afford them. Medicare also requires that:
- equipment is kept up to date
- diagnostic imaging practices are accredited
- staff are properly trained.
Government agencies we work with
Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA)
The Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA) aims to protect Australians from radiation exposure, ensure emergency preparedness, promote effective use of ionising radiation in medicine and ensure appropriate regulation and enforcement activities