Medical Training Review Panel: sixteenth report

Postgraduate Year 2

Page last updated: 09 April 2013

Current Data

There were 3,101 doctors in PGY2 training positions in 2012. Half of these (53.7%) were females. Data on the doctors commencing PGY2 training is provided in Table 3.3.

Just over half (57.4%) of doctors had commenced their second year of prevocational medical training in the state or territory in which they were trained previously, compared with 13.0% from interstate.

International students who completed their medical degree in Australia occupied 328 or 10.6% of all PGY2 positions and a further 210 or 6.8% of positions were occupied by Australian Medical Council graduates.

Table 3.3: Commencing doctors in postgraduate year 2 training positions: Total, females and proportion of females by doctor category and state/territory, 2012

(a) Candidates at time of application had not passed both parts of the AMC exams.
(b) Residency status during medical school is unknown. This data is based on applicant's residency status at time of PGY2 application.
(c) Data based on number of job offers made to PGY2 doctors via SA IMET centralised process. Employment could occur outside of this process.
(d) This includes 145 Commonwealth supported places and 6 full fee paying students.
(e) PGY2 category breakdown not provided for Fremantle Hospital, Princess Margaret Hospital, King Edward Memorial Hospital and Armadale Health Service.

Source: State and territory government health departments

NSW
Vic
Qld
SA
WA
Tas
NT
ACT
Aust
All commencing PGY2 doctors
Australian trained local (own state)
489
359
592
(b)110
(d)151
42
0
36
1,779
Australian trained local (interstate)
119
140
60
(b)30
8
2
30
15
404
New Zealand medical graduates
2
5
3
11
1
1
0
0
23
International students who graduated from an Australian medical school
51
130
47
(b)85
6
4
5
0
328
Australian Medical Council graduates
74
10
21
8
33
38
12
14
210
Other/unspecified
68
0
(a)11
0
(e)270
0
0
8
357
Total
803
644
734
(c)244
469
87
47
73
3,101
Females
Australian trained local (own state)
250
191
305
65
84
21
0
19
935
Australian trained local (interstate)
59
84
39
14
5
2
25
10
238
New Zealand medical graduates
0
3
1
3
1
1
0
0
9
International students who graduated from an Australian medical school
26
82
22
34
2
0
0
0
166
Australian Medical Council graduate
57
5
16
6
18
19
6
6
133
Other/unspecified
30
0
4
0
(d)143
0
0
7
184
Total
422
365
387
122
253
43
31
42
1,665
Proportion females (%)
Australian trained local (own state)
51.1
53.2
51.5
59.1
55.6
50.0
0
52.8
52.6
Australian trained local (interstate)
49.6
60.0
65.0
46.7
62.5
100.0
83.3
66.7
58.9
New Zealand medical graduates
0
60.0
33.3
27.3
100.0
100.0
0
0
39.1
International students who graduated from an Australian medical school
51.0
63.1
46.8
40.0
33.3
0
0
0
50.6
Australian Medical Council graduates
77.0
50.0
76.2
75.0
54.5
50.0
50.0
42.9
63.3
Other/unspecified
44.1
0
36.4
0
53.0
0
0
87.5
51.5
Total
52.6
56.7
52.7
50.0
53.9
49.4
66.0
57.5
53.7

Comparison cannot be reliably made across the states and territories due to unique inclusions and limitations on the data that can be extracted from the various systems. However, Victoria appears to differ in relation to the proportion of its PGY2 positions filled by doctors from other states and territories (21.7%) and overseas (20.2%) in total.

Trends

The reported number of PGY2 commencements has increased 118.1% since 2008 (Table 3.4), rising from 1,422 trainees in 2008 to 3,101 in 2012. Comparisons across years and between state and territories should be undertaken with caution due to data quality issues.

Commencements appear to have increased in all states and territories from 2008 to 2012, with the Northern Territory showing the smallest amount of growth (6.8%) during this period. The biggest increases in commencements over the period 2008 to 2012 were in Western Australia (109.4%) and Australian Capital Territory (102.8%). There are a number of problems with the quality of the data provided by states and territories and the ability to extract the data accurately from the various administrative systems.

Table 3.4: Postgraduate year 2 commencements by state/territory, 2008–2012

(a) Figure based on number of offers made.
(b) Actual allocation is not available. Figures based on number of offers made.
(c) Includes 83 IMGs working in PGY2 positions registered under the Competent Authority or Standard pathways.
(d) Total includes one unknown.
(e) Commencement data is based upon the total number of declined job offers registered in the eRecruitment system.
(f) Approximate number only. The South Australian Institute of Medical Education and Training (SA IMET) was in its first year of managing Trainee Medical Officer (TMO) recruitment and accurate numbers were not available.
(g) Includes 85 IMGs working in PGY2 positions registered under the Competent Authority or Standard Pathways.
(h) Although there were 543 HMO2 positions included in the Computer Matching Process (the Match), only 503 were matched. There were 13 unmatched candidates who accepted vacant positions. Total number of doctors who started their PGY2 training via the Match was 516. The remaining 27 positions could be filled outside the Match (e.g. by IMGs).
(i) Commencement data is approximate and is based upon the total number of acceptances registered in the eRecruitment system.
(j) A total of 632 HMO2 positions was included in the Computer Matching Process and only 581 positions were matched. From these 15 matched candidates declined their offer and 19 unmatched candidates accepted a position. Total number of doctors who started their PGY2 training via the Match was 585. A further 47 PGY2 posts were directly recruited by health services.
(k) Includes only the number of PGY2 commencing who completed internship in SA.
(l) A total of 667 HMO2 positions were included in the computer matching process and 644 positions were matched. Of the 644 matched positions, 18 candidates declined their Victorian offer. All HMO positions (i.e. 667) were filled either from candidates who participated in the Match (and were unmatched) or via direct recruitment of a health service.
This figure is based on incomplete data and only reflects the number of PGY2 positions advised by health services to include in the Victorian HMO match. Health services are able to exempt positions from the matching process so the number is an underestimate.
(m) Data based on number of job offers made to PGY2 doctors via SA IMET centralised process. Employment could occur outside of this process.
(n) This figure should be interpreted with caution as it is based on incomplete data.

Source: State and territory government health departments

2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Increase 2008-2012 (%)
New South Wales
na
(c)640
(g)686
617
803
..
Australian Capital Territory
36
40
62
58
73
102.8
Victoria
467
(d)487
(h)543
(j)585
(l)644
37.9
Queensland
(a)441
(e)458
(i)474
(i)575
(i)734
66.5
South Australia
161
(f)300
183
(k)189
(m)244
51.6
Western Australia
224
276
241
330
469
109.4
Tasmania
(b)49
107
(b)79
103
87
(n)77.6
Northern Territory
44
44
45
64
47
6.8
Australia
1,422
2,352
2,313
2,521
3,101
118.1
Increase on previous year (%)
65.4
-1.7
9.0
23.0