Fourth national mental health plan: measurement strategy

NMHP PI 20a Prevalence of mental illness among people who are remanded or newly sentenced to adult and juvenile correctional facilities

Page last updated: May 2011

  • Strategic issue - Service Access, Coordination and Continuity of Care.
  • Rationale - Prison populations have higher rates of mental illness than the general population, and are highlighted as a risk group. An over-representation of people in mental illness may indicate failure to deliver appropriate intervention services to people with mental illness who are at risk of offending.
  • Endorsement status - Endorsed by AHMAC Mental Health Standing Committee, February 2011.
  • Date last updated - January 2011.
Indicator details
National Mental Health Performance Framework
Data collection details

Indicator details

  • Description - The proportion of prisoners who self report they have been told by a doctor or mental health professional that they have a mental illness.
  • Numerator - Number of prison entrants who report that they have been told by a doctor or mental health professional that they have a mental illness.
  • Denominator - Total number of prison entrants.
  • Computation - (Numerator Denominator) x 100.
  • Definitions
    • Doctor or mental health professional: for the purpose of this indicator includes a medical practitioner, psychiatrist, psychologist, nurse.
    • Mental illness: a mental health disorder including drug and alcohol abuse.
  • Presentation - Percentage.
  • Disaggregation - Age, sex, and Indigenous status.
  • Is specification interim or long-term? - Interim.
  • Reported in - Health of Australia's Prisoners 2009. Top of page

National Mental Health Performance Framework

  • Tier - Tier I - Health Status and Outcomes.
  • Primary domain - Health conditions.
  • Type of measure - Outcome.
  • Level at which indicator can be useful for benchmarking - State/Territory.

Data collection details

  • Data source(s)
    • Numerator - National Prisoner Health Data Collection.
    • Denominator - National Prisoner Health Data Collection.
  • Data source(s) type
    • Numerator - Prisoner Census.
    • Denominator - Prison Establishment Census.
  • Frequency of data source(s) collection
    • Numerator - Proposed as an annual collection.
    • Denominator - Proposed as an annual collection.
  • Data development
    • Medium-term - Alternative data sources to provide proxy data for juvenile detainees are being investigated with Juvenile Justice departments. Data linkage between mental health and juvenile justice National Minimum Data Sets is being investigated.
    • Long-term - Alternative data sources to provide proxy data for juvenile detainees are being investigated with Juvenile Justice departments. Data linkage between mental health and juvenile justice National Minimum Data Sets is being investigated.