National Maternity Services Plan

Glossary and References

Glossary and references for the National Maternity Services Plan 2010

Page last updated: 2011

Glossary
References

Glossary

access - The ability to obtain services.

antenatal - The period between conception and the onset of established labour.

Australian Government - The Australian Federal Government.

Australian governments - A collective term for the federal, state and territory governments.

baby - A child under the age of one year. Also referred to as an infant.

birth-centre care - Team midwifery care within a separate section of a hospital where midwives provide antenatal, intrapartum and postpartum care.

clinical guidelines - Systematically developed statements to assist practitioner and patient decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances.

continuity of care - The practice of ensuring that a woman knows her maternity care provider(s) and receives care from the same provider, or small group of providers, throughout pregnancy, labour, birth and the postpartum period.

culturally competent care - ‘Cultural competence is a set of congruent behaviours, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency or among professionals and enable that system, agency or those professions to work effectively in cross-cultural situations (Cross et al 1989, cited in Eisenbruch 2004a). Cultural competence is much more than awareness of cultural differences, as it focuses on the capacity of the health system to improve health and wellbeing by integrating culture into the delivery of health services.

To become more culturally competent, a system needs to:
  • value diversity
  • have the capacity for cultural self-assessment
  • be conscious of the dynamics that occur when cultures interact
  • institutionalise cultural knowledge
  • adapt service delivery so that it reflects an understanding of the diversity between and within cultures (RACP 2004).’
Source: www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/file/publications/synopses/hp19.pdf

early childhood - Birth to five years of age, including neonates. See also baby, infant and young child

eligible midwife - See www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au

evidence-based best practice care - A practice or methodology that, through experience and research, has proven to reliably lead to a desired result.

health inequalities - Differences in health status or in the distribution of health determinants between different population groups (e.g. differences in infant mortality rates between women from different socioeconomic backgrounds).

health outcome - A change in the health status of an individual, group or population that is attributable to a planned intervention or series of interventions, regardless of whether such an intervention was intended to change health status.

health professional - A person who provides proper health care in a systematic way professionally to any individual in need of health care services, including midwives, obstetricians, general practitioners, paediatricians, Aboriginal health workers, nurses and Allied Health professionals.

infant - A child under the age of one year. Also referred to as a baby.

informed choice - The right to make informed decisions regarding one’s health care, based on available information and options.

intrapartum - The time from the onset of true labour until the delivery of the infant and placenta during childbirth.

midwifery-led care - Maternity care provided in a range of settings by a team of professionals that is led by a midwife or a team of midwives.

national - Comprising the Australian Government, and all state and territory governments.

perinatal - The time around birth, up to 28 days post-delivery.

postnatal - The period after the delivery of the baby, usually defined as the six weeks after birth.

primary maternity services - The first contact point with the maternity care system, primary maternity care includes the clinical care provided by a midwife or
general practitioner for a low-risk woman not experiencing any pregnancy complications.

private maternity care - Private patients of a midwife, obstetrician or GP obstetrician attending private rooms for antenatal care, or receiving care in the home, and are attended by the same maternity professional for labour and postnatal care.

referrals - The process whereby a health professional directs a patient to the services of another health professional.

secondary maternity services - A clinical service provided by specialists who generally do not have first contact with patients; for example, obstetricians.

shared maternity care - Formal arrangements between a public hospital and a local practitioner (GP, obstetrician, midwife), in which the majority of care is provided by a local practitioner, with visits to the hospital at the beginning and latter stages of pregnancy.

strategic plan - A comprehensive plan for accomplishment in relation to stated goals and objectives. Ideally, a plan will cover multiple years, include targets for expected accomplishments, and propose specific performance measures used to evaluate progress towards those targets.

Strong Women Workers - A ‘Strong Women, Strong Babies, Strong Culture’ Program Worker is an Aboriginal woman who has been chosen by her community as an appropriate person for passing on knowledge about pregnancy, birth, childcare and women’s health to the young girls and young women in their community. The women use a bi-cultural approach using both traditional knowledge and cultural ceremonies as well as evidence-based western health knowledge.

tertiary maternity services - Specialised consultative maternity care, usually on referral from a primary or secondary health professional, by specialists working in a centre that has personnel and facilities for special investigation and treatment.Top of page

young child - A child between one and five years of age.

References

1. National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC). Options for Effective Care in Childbirth. Canberra: NHMRC ,1996.
2. National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC). Review of Services Offered by Midwives. Canberra: NHMRC ,1998.
3. Senate Community Affairs Reference Committee. Rocking the Cradle: A Report into Childbirth procedures. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia ,1999.
4. Commonwealth of Australia. Improving Maternity Services in Australia: The Report of the Maternity Services Review. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia ,2009.
5. Council of Australian Governments (COAG). National Health and Hospitals Network Agreement. Canberra: COAG ,2010.
6. Sullivan E, Hall B, King J. Maternal deaths in Australia 2003-2005. Maternal deaths series 3 no 3, Cat no PER 42. Sydney: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare National Perinatal Statistics Unit ,2007.
7. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Health At A Glance: 2009: OECD Indicators: OECD Publishing, Paris ,2009.
8. Northern Territory (NT) Government. Maternity Services Review in the Northern Territory. Darwin: NT Government ,2007.
9. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). Australia’s Health 2008. Canberra: AIHW ,2008.
10. Nassar N, Sullivan E, Lancaster P, Day P. Australia’s mothers and babies 1998. Perinatal Statistics Series. Sydney: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare National Perinatal Statistics Unit ,2000.
11. Nassar N, Sullivan E. Australia’s mothers and babies 1999. Perinatal Statistics Series. Sydney: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare National Perinatal Statistics Unit 2001.
12. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). Australia’s mothers and babies 2000. Perinatal Statistics Series #12. Sydney: AIHW National Perinatal Statistics Unit ,2003.
13. Laws P, Sullivan E. Australia’s mothers and babies 2001. Perinatal Statistics Series #13. Sydney: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare National Perinatal Statistics Unit ,2004.
14. Laws P, Sullivan E. Australia’s mothers and babies 2002. Perinatal Statistics Series #15. Sydney: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare National Perinatal Statistics Unit ,2004.
15. Laws P, Sullivan E. Australia’s mothers and babies 2003. Perinatal Statistics Series #16. Sydney: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare National Perinatal Statistics Unit ,2005.
16. Laws P, Grayson N, Sullivan E. Australia’s mothers and babies 2004. Sydney: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare National Perinatal Statistics Unit ,2006.
17. Laws P, Abeywardana S, Walker J, Sullivan E. Australia’s mothers and babies 2005. Perinatal Statistics Series #20. Sydney: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare National Perinatal Statistics Unit ,2007.
18. Laws P, Hilder L. Australia’s mothers and babies 2006. Perinatal Statistics Series #22. Perinatal statistics series no. 22. Cat. no. PER 46 ed. Sydney: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare National Perinatal Statistics Unit ,2008.
19. Laws P, Sullivan E. Australia’s mothers and babies 2007. Perinatal statistics series #23. Sydney: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare National Perinatal Statistics Unit ,2009.
20. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Births, Australia, 2007. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics ,2008.
21. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Births, Australia, 2008. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics ,2009.
22. Department of Treasury. Intergenerational Report 2010. Australia to 2050: future challenges. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia ,2010.
23. Tracy S, et al. Birth outcomes associated with interventions in labour amongst low risk women: A population-based study. Women and Birth 2007;20(2):41-48.
24. Joseph K, Demissie K, Kramer M. Obstetric intervention, stillbirth, and preterm birth. Semin Perinatol 2002;26(4):250-259.
25. Davidoff M, et al. Changes in the gestational age distribution among U.S. singleton births: impact on rates of late preterm birth, 1992 to 2002. Semin Perinatol, 2006;30(1):8-15.
26. Bettegowda V, et al. The relationship between cesarean delivery and gestational age among US singleton births. Clin Perinatol 2008;35(2):309-vi.
27. Andreasen K, Anderson M, Schantz A. Obesity and pregnancy. Acta Obstetrics Gynecology Scandanavia 2004: Abstract available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubMed&list_uids=15488115&dopt=AbstractPlus
28. Catalano P. Management of obesity in pregnancy. Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2007(104):419-33.
29. Castro L, Avina R. Maternal obesity and pregnancy outcomes. Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2002;14:601-606.
30. Nankervis A, Conn J, Knight R. Obesity and reproductive health. Medical Journal of Australia 2006;184(2):51.
31. National Preventative Health Taskforce. Australia: The Healthiest Country by 2020. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia ,2009.
32. Laws P, Grayson N, Sullivan E. Smoking in pregnancy. AIHW Cat. No. PER 33. Sydney: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare National Perinatal Statistics Unit ,2006.
33. National Health Medical Research Council (NHMRC). Australian Guidelines to Reduce Health Risks from Drinking Alcohol. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia, 2009
34. Miles M, Francis K, Chapman Y. Challenges for midwives: pregnant women and illicit drug use. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing 2010;28(1):83-90.
35. Henderson J, Hornbuckle J, Doherty D. Models of Maternity Care: A Review of the Evidence ,2007.
36. Australian Health Ministers’ Advisory Council (AHMAC). Primary Maternity Services in Australia: A Framework for Implementation. Canberra: AHMAC ,2008.
37. Australian Health Ministers’ Conference (AHMC). Australian National Breastfeeding Strategy. Canberra: AHMC on behalf of the Commonwealth of Australia ,2009.
38. New South Wales (NSW) Health. Maternity Framework. Sydney: NSW Health ,2000.
39. Victorian Department of Human Services. Future directions for Victoria’s maternity services. Melbourne: Government of Victoria ,2004.
40. Queensland (QLD) Health. Government Response to Rebirthing: Report of Maternity Services. Brisbane: QLD Health ,2005.
41. Western Australian (WA) Health. Improving Maternity Choices. Perth: WA Health ,2007.
42. Northern Territory (NT) Department of Health and Community Services. Developing an Integrated Maternity Services Model. Darwin: NT Department of Health and Community Services ,2008.
43. Queensland Government. Clinical Services Capability Framework, version 2.0. Brisbane: Queensland Government ,2005.
44. Council of Australian Governments (COAG). COAG meeting 29 November 2008: Attachment A - Health and Ageing. Canberra: COAG ,2008.
45. Australian Health Ministers’ Conference (AHMC). Communique, 12 February 2010. Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing ,2010.
46. National Health Committee. Review of Maternity Services in New Zealand. New Zealand: National Health Committee 1999.
47. National Health Service (NHS) Quality Improvement Scotland (QIS). Maternity Services: Clinical Standards - March 2005. Edinburgh: NHS QIS ,2008.
48. The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (SOGC). A National Birthing Initiative for Canada. Ottawa: SOGC ,2008.
49. Canadian Institute of Health Information. Giving Birth in Canada: Providers of Maternity and Infant Care. Ontario: Canadian Institute of Health Information ,2004.
50. New Zealand Ministry of Health. Maternity Action Plan 2008-2012 (Draft for Consultation). Auckland: New Zealand Ministry of Health ,2008.
51. James S, O’Brien B, Bourret K, Kango N, Gafvels K, Paradis-Pastori J. Meeting the needs of Nunavut families: a community-based midwifery education program. Rural and Remote Health 2010;10:1355.
52. Local Supervising Authority Midwifery Officers (LSAMO) Forum, Nursing and Midwifery Council. Modern Supervision in Action: LSAMO Forum and Nursing and Midwifery Council (UK), 2009
53. Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG). Standards for Maternity Care: Report of a working group. London, UK: RCOG ,2008.
54. Hogberg U, Wall S, Wiklund D-E. Risk determinants of perinatal mortality in a Swedish county, 1980-1984. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 1990;69(7-8).
55. Australian Capital Territory (ACT) Health. A Pregnant Pause: A Review of Maternity Services - government response. Canberra: ACT Government ,2004.
56. Queensland (QLD) Health. Maternity and Newborn Services in Queensland Work Plan 2008-2012. Brisbane: QLD Health ,2008.
57. Rural Doctors Association of Australian (RDAA), Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine (ACRRM), Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG), Australian College of Midwives (ACM), Rural Health Workforce Australia (RHWA), Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP). National Consensus Framework for Rural Maternity Services. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia ,2008.
58. VicHealth. The health costs of violence: measuring the burden of disease caused by intimate partner violence: A summary of findings. Melbourne: Victorian State Government, Department of Human Services,
2004:21-23.
59. American Academy of Pediatrics – Committee on Bioethics. Policy statement: Ritual genital cutting of female minors Pediatrics 2010;125(5):1088-1093.
60. World Health Organization (WHO). Female genital mutilation. Fact sheet no 24: WHO, 2010:www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs241/en/.
61. Department of Health and Ageing. National Perinatal Depression Initiative. Canberra ,2008.
62. Australian Health Ministers’ Conference (AHMC). Fourth National Mental Health Plan 2009-2014. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia ,2009.
63. National Health Workforce Taskforce. The Health Workforce in Australia and Factors influencing Current Shortages. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia ,2009.
64. Council of Australian Governments (COAG). Investing in the Early Years — A National Early Childhood Development Strategy Canberra: COAG ,2009.
65. Department of Health and Ageing. Healthy Eating and Physical Activity Guidelines for Early Childhood Settings. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia ,2009.
66. National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission (NHHRC). A Healthier Future For All Australians – Final Report Canberra: NHHRC ,2009.
67. Department of Health and Ageing. The state of our public hospitals, June 2009 report Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia ,2009.
68. National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC). Review of the Dietary Guidelines – Core Food Groups. Canberra: NHMRC ,2010.
69. Department of Health and Ageing. Australian Guide to Healthy Eating. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia ,2008.
70. South Australian Health. South Australia’s Health Care Plan 2007-2016. Adelaide: Government of South Australia ,2007.
71. Western Australian (WA) Government. Models of Maternity Care: A Review of the Evidence. Perth: WA Government ,2007.
72. Tasmanian (TAS) Health. Tasmania’s Health Plan. Hobart: TAS Health,, 2007.
73. Australian Capital Territory (ACT) Health. ACT Maternity Shared Care Guidelines. Canberra: ACT Health, 2008. Top of page