antenatal - The period between conception and the onset of established labour.
Australian Government - The Australian Federal Government.
Australian governments - A collective term for the federal, state and territory governments.
baby - A child under the age of one year. Also referred to as an infant.
birth-centre care - Team midwifery care within a separate section of a hospital where midwives provide antenatal, intrapartum and postpartum care.
clinical guidelines - Systematically developed statements to assist practitioner and patient decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances.
continuity of care - The practice of ensuring that a woman knows her maternity care provider(s) and receives care from the same provider, or small group of providers, throughout pregnancy, labour, birth and the postpartum period.
culturally competent care - ‘Cultural competence is a set of congruent behaviours, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency or among professionals and enable that system, agency or those professions to work effectively in cross-cultural situations (Cross et al 1989, cited in Eisenbruch 2004a). Cultural competence is much more than awareness of cultural differences, as it focuses on the capacity of the health system to improve health and wellbeing by integrating culture into the delivery of health services.
To become more culturally competent, a system needs to:
- value diversity
- have the capacity for cultural self-assessment
- be conscious of the dynamics that occur when cultures interact
- institutionalise cultural knowledge
- adapt service delivery so that it reflects an understanding of the diversity between and within cultures (RACP 2004).’
early childhood - Birth to five years of age, including neonates. See also baby, infant and young child
eligible midwife - See www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au
evidence-based best practice care - A practice or methodology that, through experience and research, has proven to reliably lead to a desired result.
health inequalities - Differences in health status or in the distribution of health determinants between different population groups (e.g. differences in infant mortality rates between women from different socioeconomic backgrounds).
health outcome - A change in the health status of an individual, group or population that is attributable to a planned intervention or series of interventions, regardless of whether such an intervention was intended to change health status.
health professional - A person who provides proper health care in a systematic way professionally to any individual in need of health care services, including midwives, obstetricians, general practitioners, paediatricians, Aboriginal health workers, nurses and Allied Health professionals.
infant - A child under the age of one year. Also referred to as a baby.
informed choice - The right to make informed decisions regarding one’s health care, based on available information and options.
intrapartum - The time from the onset of true labour until the delivery of the infant and placenta during childbirth.
midwifery-led care - Maternity care provided in a range of settings by a team of professionals that is led by a midwife or a team of midwives.
national - Comprising the Australian Government, and all state and territory governments.
perinatal - The time around birth, up to 28 days post-delivery.
postnatal - The period after the delivery of the baby, usually defined as the six weeks after birth.
primary maternity services - The first contact point with the maternity care system, primary maternity care includes the clinical care provided by a midwife or
general practitioner for a low-risk woman not experiencing any pregnancy complications.
private maternity care - Private patients of a midwife, obstetrician or GP obstetrician attending private rooms for antenatal care, or receiving care in the home, and are attended by the same maternity professional for labour and postnatal care.
referrals - The process whereby a health professional directs a patient to the services of another health professional.
secondary maternity services - A clinical service provided by specialists who generally do not have first contact with patients; for example, obstetricians.
shared maternity care - Formal arrangements between a public hospital and a local practitioner (GP, obstetrician, midwife), in which the majority of care is provided by a local practitioner, with visits to the hospital at the beginning and latter stages of pregnancy.
strategic plan - A comprehensive plan for accomplishment in relation to stated goals and objectives. Ideally, a plan will cover multiple years, include targets for expected accomplishments, and propose specific performance measures used to evaluate progress towards those targets.
Strong Women Workers - A ‘Strong Women, Strong Babies, Strong Culture’ Program Worker is an Aboriginal woman who has been chosen by her community as an appropriate person for passing on knowledge about pregnancy, birth, childcare and women’s health to the young girls and young women in their community. The women use a bi-cultural approach using both traditional knowledge and cultural ceremonies as well as evidence-based western health knowledge.
tertiary maternity services - Specialised consultative maternity care, usually on referral from a primary or secondary health professional, by specialists working in a centre that has personnel and facilities for special investigation and treatment.Top of page
young child - A child between one and five years of age.
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