This population of interest for the prevention of hepatitis B transmission includes:
- men who have sex with men
- sex workers
- people who inject drugs
- partners and other household and intimate contacts of people who have acute or chronic hepatitis B infection
- people in custodial settings
- people with HIV or hepatitis C, or both
Protection against co-infection with hepatitis B is a priority for people with HIV or chronic hepatitis C to avoid the increased individual impact of disease experienced by those living with co-infections. People entering custodial settings have higher rates of previous hepatitis B infection compared to the general community but only around 50 per cent of people entering custodial settings have immunity to hepatitis B. Household or sexual contacts of people recently diagnosed with hepatitis B are also at increased risk of exposure to the hepatitis B virus.