This is the third national Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander strategy dealing with blood borne viruses (BBVs) and sexually transmissible infections (STIs) to be adopted in Australia. It is one of a suite of five strategies aiming to reduce the transmission of STIs and BBVs, and the morbidity, mortality and personal and social impacts they cause. The relationship of the Third National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Blood Borne Viruses and Sexually Transmissible Infections Strategy 2010–2013 (this strategy) to the other four is detailed in section 1.2.