Rubbish should not be left in a bin until it rots or the bin gets so full that the rubbish spills onto the ground.
Rubbish collection is a very important service for the community. The risks to health increase greatly if this service breaks down. It is the responsibility of the Community Council through its administrative staff and EHP to make sure this service is carried out properly.
Every rubbish bin in the community should be emptied frequently and regularly, at least twice a week. The rubbish should then be taken away and buried so that:
- the risk of direct contact with disease-causing germs is reduced
- flies, cockroaches and rats cannot live and breed in the rubbish
Sometimes it is necessary to have special rubbish collections for old furniture, mattresses, stoves, fridges and other large items.
The EHP should encourage the householders to wash out their rubbish bins regularly. Rubbish collection day is a good time to do it.
7.1 Rubbish collection vehiclesTractors and trailers, utilities (utes), or small trucks are commonly used for collecting rubbish in small to medium sized communities. These vehicles are probably the most readily available in a community.
The two methods outlined below can be used to transport the rubbish to the tip site.
Rubbish transported to the tip in a vehicle which does not have a cageIf the truck, utility or trailer does not have a cage, it is best to take the full bins to the tip. While the bins are being taken to the tip, their lids must be on tightly.
All the bins can be placed on the vehicle and then taken to the rubbish tip and emptied. Each bin must be labelled with the owner's name or house number so that it can be returned to the correct house.
Rubbish transported to the tip in a vehicle which has a cageIf the rubbish vehicle, such as a ute or trailer, is fitted with a cage, the bins can be emptied directly into the cage at the house. The rubbish is then taken to the tip. A rubbish vehicle cage must be enclosed on all sides, including the roof. There will need to be a loading door to allow access to the inside of the cage.
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This method may be a little more efficient than taking the bins because more rubbish can be transported per trip. However, it is messy because all the rubbish must be cleaned out of the cage at tip following each trip. It is also important to wash the vehicle down at the end of the collection day and to make sure no rubbish fails off the vehicle or blows away during loading and transport.
Fig. 4.16: Community rubbish collection vehicles.
Another type of rubbish vehicle is a tip truck with a cage. These are mainly used in very large communities or towns.
Fig. 4.17: A tip truck with cage.
Different types of rubbish compactor trucks are available and are used within communities provided with sulo bins.
Fig. 4.18: A rubbish compactor.
Rubbish compactors are large trucks which are fitted with special compacting equipment. This equipment compacts (presses together) the rubbish into a smaller space. This means that the truck can hold a lot more rubbish and as a result fewer trips have to be made to the tip to empty the rubbish. This saves time and money.
Where rubbish compactors are used, it is most usual for each household, shop, factory or office to have special plastic or metal bins on wheels. These can be lifted by special equipment on the truck and emptied mechanically into the compactor.
The truck which is used to carry the rubbish to the tip must be looked after and be available when it is required for rubbish collection. If it breaks down or is not regularly available, the community will not be able to get rid of the rubbish and a health risk may occur.