$26.4 million was spent on NSPs around Australia in the financial year 2007/8, with $17.8m spent on support for the NSP sector including $15.9m on primary sites, $1.2m on secondary sites and $440,000 on vending machines. $8.6m was spent on the provision of consumables including $6.9 m on sterile injecting equipment, $1.5m on disposal and $290,000 on safe sex packs. See Table 4 for a summary of the spending on NSPs from 2000/1 to 2007/8. Results for individual jurisdictions are reported in the relevant sections.

In 2008 dollar terms, expenditure on NSPs has increased by $7m from 2000/1 to 2007/8 with near-doubling of funding for primary sites and a four-fold increase in support for secondary sites. Spending on sterile injection equipment has been stable in 2008 dollar terms, although numbers of units of equipment provided have increased by 15% (see Table 5 and Figure 1); rises have been greatest in Victoria and Queensland (Figure 21).

The per-capita rate of needle and syringe distribution in each state and territory among the entire population and the estimated size of the IDU population are shown in Table 6. It was estimated that the average IDU receives between 160 and 290 syringes every year.

Funds spent on disposal have increased by 28%. Vending machines have been introduced into more jurisdictions since 2005. Safe sex packs have increased nationally from $15,000 in 2000/1 to $293,000 in 2007/8.

The number of NSPs has increased since 2000 (see Table 7). There has been a steady increase in the total number of all types of outlets.

Table 4: Expenditures made by financial year in 2008 Australian dollars (unadjusted financial expenditures and adjusted for consumer price index)

2000/12001/22002/32003/42004/52005/62006/72007/8
Consumables - sterile injecting equipment ($'000)
5,658
5,140
5,633
6,677
6,928
6,571
7,404
6,857
Consumables - disposal equipment ($'000)
911
884
952
941
1,184
1,122
1,274
1,474
Consumables - safe sex packs ($'000)
15
52
70
69
246
245
289
293
Consumables sub-total ($'000)
6,583
6,076
6,655
7,686
8,358
7,938
8,968
8,624
NSP support - primary NSP operations ($'000)
8,851
10,510
10,417
11,261
12,505
12,274
14,450
15,929
NSP support - support for secondary NSPs ($'000)
380
653
745
788
951
1,264
963
1,222
NSP support - transport ($'000)
89
82
92
105
117
184
198
192
NSP support - vending machines ($'000)
10
0
0
0
0
19
246
441
NSP support sub-total ($'000)
9,331
11,245
11,254
12,154
13,573
13,742
15,856
17,783
Total (unadjusted for CPI) ($'000)
15,914
17,321
17,909
19,841
21,931
21,680
24,824
2,607
Total (adjusted for CPI) ($'000)
20,119
21,236
21,312
23,064
24,850
23,897
26,500
27,380
Total client costs ($'000)
7,608
7,296
6,548
6,769
6,825
6,230
6,176
6,160

Table 5: Number of needles/syringes distributed in Australia during financial years (1999/2000-2007/8)

1999/2000 2000/1 2001/2 2002/3 2003/4 2004/5 2005/6 2006/7 2007/8
ACT (’000)
502
664
424
468
504
484
457
467
517
NSW (’000)
11,517
12,434
10,343
9,116
9,001
8,916
8,813
8,558
8,290
NT (’000)
460
397
396
398
399
388
407
407
379
QLD (’000)
5,820
5,554
5,239
5,887
6,368
6,216
6,739
7,231
7,069
SA (’000)
2,821
3,018
2,999
3,443
3,611
3,676
3,566
2,915
2,763
TAS (’000)
756
756
756
756
1,031
1,326
777
823
692
VIC (’000)
7,972
7,829
7,100
7,379
8,165
8,593
8,241
8,464
9,350
WA (’000)
3,040
3,184
3,601
3,563
3,496
3,788
4,196
4,273
4,039
National (’000)
32,888
33,836
30,858
31,010
32,575
33,387
33,196
33,138
33,099
Top of page

Figure 21: Number of needles/syringes distributed in each Australian jurisdiction during calendar years (1999-2008)

Text equivalent below for Figure 21: Number of needles/syringes distributed in each Australian jurisdiction during calendar years (1999-2008)

Text version of Figure 21

Top of pageFigures in this description are approximate as they have been read from the graph.
ACTNSWNTQLDSATASVICWA
1999
500,000
11,000,000
370,000
6,500,000
2,900,000
0
7,500,000
3,000,000
2000
600,000
12,500,000
430,000
5,500,000
2,900,000
0
8,250,000
3,200,000
2001
540,000
11,500,000
445,000
5,500,000
2,900,000
275,000
7,250,000
3,500,000
2002
460,000
9,500,000
445,000
5,750,000
3,350,000
900,000
7,000,000
3,400,000
2003
480,000
9,000,000
450,000
6,250,000
3,200,000
700,000
7,900,000
3,600,000
2004
490,000
9,000,000
390,000
6,250,000
3,800,000
1,350,000
8,250,000
3,700,000
2005
470,000
8,750,000
410,000
6,750,000
3,700,000
1,00,000
8,500,000
4,000,000
2006
460,000
8,500,000
410,000
6,700,000
3,100,000
775,000
7,750,000
4,300,000
2007
500,000
8,250,000
380,000
7,250,000
3,000,000
800,000
9,250,000
4,200,000
2008
500,000
8,000,000
380,000
6,900,000
2,600,000
575,000
9,750,000
3,800,000

Table 6: Per-capita rate of needle/syringe distributions in 2007/8 in each jurisdiction

Population in jurisdiction (Dec 2008, ABS53)Per-capita rate of needle and syringe distribution (over whole population)Per-capita rate of needle and syringe distribution among estimated IDU population
ACT
347,800
1.5
219.1
NSW
7,041,400
1.2
157.6
NT
221,700
1.7
211.1
QLD
4,349,500
1.6
179.8
SA
1,612,000
1.7
187.6
TAS
500,300
1.4
186.4
VIC
5,364,800
1.7
236.0
WA
2,204,000
1.8
204.3
National
21,641,500
1.6
202.9
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Table 7: Number of national NSP outlets

(NB: the number of sites in NSW prior to 2006/7 was taken as the number in 2002 since data were not provided)
Primary Secondary Enhanced secondary Vending machine sites
2007/8
85
732
22
118
2006/7
86
710
20
114
2005/6
83
714
17
64
2004/5
82
706
17
64
2003/4
77
697
17
57
2002/3
76
667
16
57
2001/2
75
654
16
57
2000/1
71
624
16
56