Return on investment in needle and syringe programs in Australia: report

Table 3.5.3 Number of HCV infections and HCV-related deaths prevented through introduction of NSP

Page last updated: 2002

Year

Living with HCVChronicStage 0/1Stage 2/3CirrhosisHCC incidenceLiver failure incidenceTotal deathsHCV deaths
1961
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1962
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1963
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1964
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1965
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1966
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1967
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1968
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1969
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1970
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1971
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1972
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1973
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1974
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1975
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1976
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1977
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1978
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1979
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1980
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1981
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1982
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1983
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1984
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1985
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1986
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1987
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1988
1009
757
742
15
0
0
0
0
0
1989
2407
1805
1754
50
0
0
0
1
1
1990
3798
2849
2743
105
1
0
0
2
2
1991
5202
3902
3721
177
4
0
0
4
3
1992
6635
4977
4703
266
8
0
0
6
4
1993
8112
6084
5698
373
14
0
1
9
6
1994
9647
7235
6718
496
22
0
1
12
9
1995
11254
8440
7771
636
33
0
1
16
12
1996
12945
9709
8868
794
47
0
2
20
15
1997
14734
11051
10018
969
64
1
2
26
19
1998
16634
12476
11228
1162
85
1
3
31
23
1999
18659
13994
12509
1375
110
1
4
38
28
2000
20820
15615
13868
1607
140
1
5
45
33
2001
20592
15444
13447
1823
174
2
6
53
39
2002
20364
15273
13039
2022
213
2
8
60
45
2003
20139
15104
12644
2205
255
3
9
68
50
2004
19924
14943
12266
2376
301
3
11
76
56
2005
19721
14791
11905
2535
351
3
12
83
62
2006
19532
14649
11562
2683
405
4
14
91
68
2007
19358
14518
11236
2822
461
5
16
98
73
2008
19196
14397
10926
2951
520
5
18
106
79
2009
19047
14285
10632
3072
582
6
20
113
84
2010
18913
14185
10354
3185
646
6
22
120
90
2011
18794
14095
10091
3292
713
7
24
127
95
2012
18688
14016
9842
3392
781
8
27
134
100
2013
18598
13948
9609
3487
852
8
29
140
105
2014
18523
13892
9389
3578
925
9
31
147
110
2015
18465
13848
9185
3664
1000
10
34
153
114
2016
18424
13818
8994
3746
1077
11
36
159
119
2017
18379
13784
8807
3822
1155
11
39
165
123
2018
18329
13747
8622
3892
1234
12
42
172
128
2019
18276
13707
8439
3955
1313
13
44
179
134
2020
18217
13662
8258
4011
1393
14
47
186
139
2021
18152
13614
8079
4061
1473
14
49
195
146
2022
18080
13560
7902
4105
1553
15
52
204
153
2023
18002
13501
7726
4143
1633
16
55
214
160
2024
17915
13436
7550
4174
1712
17
57
225
184
2025
17819
13364
7376
4199
1789
18
60
238
212
2026
17712
13284
7201
4217
1866
18
62
252
240
2027
17596
13197
7027
4229
1941
19
65
268
270
2028
17468
13101
6853
4234
2013
20
67
286
300
2029
17327
12995
6679
4233
2084
20
69
305
332
2030
17172
12879
6504
4225
2151
21
71
328
365
2031
17002
12751
6327
4209
2215
22
74
353
398
2032
16815
12611
6150
4186
2275
22
75
381
433
2033
16611
12458
5970
4156
2331
23
77
412
469
2034
16387
12291
5789
4119
2383
23
79
447
505
2035
16144
12108
5606
4073
2428
24
80
487
542
2036
15879
11909
5421
4020
2468
24
81
531
579
2037
15592
11694
5233
3959
2502
25
82
579
618
2038
15282
11461
5044
3889
2529
25
83
634
656
2039
14946
11210
4851
3811
2548
25
84
693
695
2040
14585
10939
4656
3725
2558
25
84
759
734
2041
14197
10648
4457
3630
2560
25
84
832
773
2042
13782
10336
4256
3527
2553
25
83
912
812
2043
13338
10004
4053
3415
2536
25
83
999
850
2044
12867
9651
3847
3295
2509
25
82
1093
888
2045
12367
9275
3639
3166
2470
24
80
1196
926
2046
11839
8880
3429
3030
2421
24
78
1306
963
2047
11285
8464
3217
2886
2361
23
76
1425
999
2048
10705
8028
3004
2735
2289
22
74
1551
1034
2049
10102
7576
2792
2578
2207
22
71
1685
1067
2050
9478
7109
2580
2415
2114
21
68
1827
1100
2051
8838
6629
2369
2248
2011
20
64
1975
1130
2052
8187
6140
2162
2079
1899
19
60
2128
1159
2053
7529
5646
1959
1908
1779
17
56
2286
1186
2054
6868
5151
1761
1736
1653
16
52
2447
1211
2055
6211
4659
1570
1567
1521
15
48
2609
1235
2056
5567
4175
1387
1401
1387
14
43
2771
1256
2057
4941
3706
1214
1240
1252
12
39
2931
1275
2058
4341
3256
1052
1087
1118
11
34
3086
1292
2059
3772
2829
901
941
987
10
30
3235
1307
2060
3240
2430
763
806
861
8
26
3377
1320
2061
2749
2062
638
682
742
7
22
3509
1331
2062
2302
1726
527
569
630
6
19
3632
1341
2063
1891
1418
427
466
525
5
15
3746
1349
2064
1528
1146
341
375
430
4
12
3848
1355
2065
1214
910
267
297
346
3
10
3938
1361
2066
948
711
206
231
274
3
8
4014
1365
2067
728
546
156
177
213
2
6
4079
1368
2068
548
411
116
133
162
2
4
4132
1370
2069
403
302
84
97
121
1
3
4175
1372
2070
288
216
60
69
87
1
2
4210
1374
2071
197
148
40
47
60
1
1
4238
1375
2072
126
95
26
30
39
0
1
4260
1375
2073
73
54
14
17
23
0
0
4277
1376
2074
32
24
6
8
10
0
0
4289
1376
2075
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4299
1376

Note: Deaths are cumulative following cirrhosis