• ADEC: Australian Drug Evaluation Committee

  • ADHD: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

  • AOD: Alcohol and other drug/s

  • ATS: amphetamine type stimulants (synthetic CNS stimulants including amphetamines and methamphetamine)

  • BBV: blood borne virus

  • BPRS: Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale

  • CIDI: Composite International Diagnostic Interview

  • CNS: Central nervous system

  • COTSA: Census of Treatment Service Agencies

  • DSM: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual

  • DUMA: Drug Use Monitoring in Australia (Australian Institute of Criminology)

  • ECG: Electrocardiogram

  • FDA: Food and Drug Administration (American)

  • GHQ: General Health Questionnaire

  • GP: General practitioner

  • HIV: human immunodeficiency virus infection Top of page

  • IDU: Injecting drug user

  • IM: intramuscular

  • IV: intravenous

  • MAOI: monoamine oxidase inhibitor

  • MDMA: methylenedioxymethamphetamine

  • MI: motivational interviewing

  • MSM: men who have sex with men

  • NSP: Needle and Syringe Program

  • NMDS: National Minimum Data Set

  • NTIS: The United Kingdom National Teratology and Information Service

  • PTSD: post-traumatic stress disorder

  • RCT: randomised controlled trial

  • SANS: Scale for Assessing Negative Symptoms

  • SAPS: Scale for Assessing Positive Symptoms

  • SCID: Structured Clinical Interview for DSM

  • SSRI: selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

  • UK: United Kingdom

  • US: United States

  • USA: United States of America