An evaluation of the Public Access Defibrillation (PAD) Demonstration

Appendix A: Table of US PAD legislation and funding arrangements

Page last updated: August 2008

State

Layperson allowed with conditions

Immunity for trained people

Funding allocated (USD)

Non-binding resolution

Liability/ training legislation

Legislation requiring AEDs

Comments

AL
y
y
3,300,000
y
n
n
Non-binding legislation for AHA to establish a registry. Funding secured from federal level to maintain AEDs
AK
y
y
n
n
y
n
Civil liability laws expanded to accommodate people using AEDs under Good Samaritan Act
AR
y
y
n
n
n
n
No recent legislation change. Current status not documented.
AZ
y
y
Yes, but not stated
n
y
y
Any state buildings renovated to the value of more than $250,000 must be equipped with an AED
CA
y
y
Yes, but not stated
n
y
y
Initially only trained people allowed to use AEDs. Expanded to general public. All state public schools mandated to maintain an AED. All health studios mandated to maintain an AED.
CO
y
y
Yes, but not stated
y
y
y
AED users are expected to receive training through a certified provider. Good Samaritan exemption provided to cover other users. Schools encouraged to accept cash donations and maintain AEDs. Donation partnership established with the American Heart Foundation that pools donations for the purchase of AEDs.
CT
y
y
Yes, but not stated
y
y
y
Mandatory training for AED users. Much onus placed on the state government including development of strategies for training, identifying appropriate sites and developing guidelines
DE
y
n
1,268,400
n
n
n
The Office of Emergency Medical Services to promote AED Program. Only trained persons may operate an AED. Organisations may apply for funding for an AED.
FL
y
y
Yes, but not stated
y
y
y
Originally only trained people to use AEDs, immunity then granted to all people using an AED. Local councils authorized to use for future funds to maintain AEDs. All public schools with athletics facilities mandated to maintain AEDs.
GA
y
y
n
n
y
n
Originally only trained people to use AEDs, immunity then granted to all people using an AED. Legislation introduced to define appropriate level of training
HI
y
y
n
n
y
n
Some legislation introduced providing immunity to trained lay people.
IA
y
y
n
n
n
n
No recent legislation change. Current status not documented.
ID
y
y
n
n
n
n
No recent legislation change. Current status not documented.
IL
y
y
Yes, but not stated
y
n
y
Each fitness facility including those in schools is mandated to maintain an AED and train staff. State income tax fund created to maintain AEDs.
IN
y
y
n
n
y
n
Legislation in place for training and certification for businesses that have an AED.
KS
y
y
n
n
y
n
Training required for any person wishing to use an AED.
KY
y
y
n
n
n
n
No recent legislation change. Current status not documented.
LA
y
y
n
n
n
n
No recent legislation change. Current status not documented.
ME
y
n
n
n
n
n
No recent legislation change. Current status not documented.
MD
y
y
n
n
y
y
All organisations with an AED must have certification and training scheme. All schools are mandated to maintain an AED and provide certified training
MA
y
y
n
n
y
y
Immunity provided to volunteers using AEDs. Health clubs mandated to maintain an AED.
MI
y
y
100,000
n
y
y
Extension of the Good Samaritan Law to volunteers. Not-for-profit organisations supported in securing bulk maintain of AEDs. Funding provided to schools to maintain AEDs, districts obliged to provide a 50% in-kind contribution. Health clubs mandated to maintain AEDs. Fines instituted for health clubs who fail to maintain or make AEDs accessible.
MN
y
y
450,000
n
y
n
Immunity provided for 'non-professional users'.
MS
y
y
n
n
y
n
Appropriate training required for AED users.
MO
y
y
n
n
y
n
Appropriate training required for AED users.
MT
y
y
n
n
n
n
No recent legislation change. Current status not documented.
NE
y
y
n
n
n
n
Legislation introduced obliging organisations with AEDs to notify local emergency services of the AEDs existence. Registry created.
NH
y
y
n
n
n
n
Legislation introduced obliging organisations with AEDs to notify local emergency services of the AEDs existence. Registry created.
NJ
n
y
1,000,000
n
y
y
A person shall not use an AED unless trained. Health clubs mandated to maintain an AED. $1,000,000 secured for the 'AED Grant'.
NM
y
y
100,000
n
n
n
Funding secured from tobacco settlement
NV
y
y
n
n
y
y
Use allowed by any trained person. High schools, universities, airports and office buildings mandated to maintain an AED.
NY
y
y
n
y
y
y
Schools with more than 1,000 students mandated to maintain an AED. Also mandated for: health clubs with a membership of more than 500. Places of public assembly mandated to have one AED-trained employee. 2008 declared the 'Year of the Defibrillator' in New York. Possession and use of an AED requires written authorisation and formal agreement with an emergency care provider.
NC
y
y
n
n
y
n
Immunity provided for AED users. Physicians may write a 'prescription' for an AED maintain.
ND
y
y
n
n
y
n
Organisations who have an AED must notify the Department of Health of their existence.
OH
y
y
2,500,500
n
n
y
Funds appropriated from tobacco settlement. Public, charter and community schools mandated to maintain an AED.
OK
y
y
n
n
n
n
No recent legislation change. Current status not documented.
OR
y
y
n
y
y
n
State buildings and public places 'urged' to purchase and maintain AEDs, though funding not provided. Good Samaritan laws extended to encompass all those who use an AED.
PA
y
y
n
n
n
n
No recent legislation change. Current status not documented.
PA
y
y
2,400,000
y
y
n
All schools offered 1-2 free AEDs from funding. Immunity laws extended to protect users of AEDs.
RI
n
n
Yes, but not stated
n
n
y
Distribution of AEDs mandated to every college. Police funded to maintain AEDs. Placement of AEDs mandated in every city, town, college campus and judicial office.
SC
y
y
n
n
n
n
No recent legislation change. Current status not documented.
SD
y
y
n
n
y
n
Physician must approve placement and training programs for all organisations with an AED.
TN
y
y
n
n
y
n
All organisations with an AED must provide training, notify emergency services and maintain and test the device.
TX
y
y
Yes, but not stated
y
n
n
Department of Health directed to identify '100 key locations for placement'. Outcomes following this identification not documented.
UT
y
y
n
n
y
n
Immunity extended from trained persons without a license to all lay-people. All organisations with an AED must register with the state health authority.
VA
y
y
n
n
y
n
Immunity gradually expanded to encompass all lay people. The requirement for registration of AEDs removed.
VT
y
n
n
n
y
n
Legislation prohibits any person from operating an AED unless that person has been trained.
WA
y
y
n
n
y
n
'Expected users' required to undergo training
WI
y
y
n
n
y
n
Immunity expanded to include lay-people
WV
y
n
n
n
n
n
No recent legislation change. Current status not documented.
WY
y
y
n
n
y
n
Immunity expanded to include lay-people

(Source: National Conference of State Legislatures 2008)