Vaccine Preventable Diseases in Australia, 2005 to 2007

Appendix 6.3 Hospitalisations, July 2002 to June 2007, by state or territory and financial year of separation

Page last updated: 24 December 2010

Table 6.3: Hospitalisations, July 2002 to June 2007,* by state or territory and financial year of separation

Disease
Year
Number of hospitalisations Hospitalisation rate per 100,000 population
ACT NSW NT Qld SA Tas Vic WA Total ACT NSW NT Qld SA Tas Vic WA Total
Haemophilus influenzae type b disease
(age <15 years only)
02/03
0
3
0
2
2
0
0
7
14
0.2
0.3
0.7
1.7
0.4
03/04
0
2
<5
6
4
0
0
<5
15
0.1
n.p.
0.8
1.4
n.p.
0.4
04/05
0
2
<5
4
0
<5
<5
0
10
0.2
n.p.
0.5
n.p.
n.p.
0.2
05/06
0
2
0
1
0
0
n.p.
n.p.
4
0.2
0.1
n.p.
n.p.
0.1
06/07
0
1
<5
6
1
0
<5
0
11
0.1
n.p.
0.7
0.3
n.p.
0.3
Total§
0
10
<5
19
7
<5
5
8
54
0.1
n.p.
0.5
0.5
n.p.
0.1
0.4
0.3
Hepatitis A 02/03
<5
112
24
61
29
n.p.
48
26
307
n.p.
1.7
12.0
1.6
1.9
n.p.
1.0
1.4
1.6
03/04
<5
87
n.p.
25
22
5
42
43
243
n.p.
1.3
n.p.
0.7
1.4
1.0
0.9
2.2
1.2
04/05
<5
72
9
38
8
<5
57
17
205
n.p.
1.1
4.5
1.0
0.5
n.p.
1.1
0.9
1.0
05/06
<5
69
25
23
24
<5
55
24
224
n.p.
1.0
12.1
0.6
1.5
n.p.
1.1
1.2
1.1
06/07
<5
74
<5
30
10
<5
46
18
184
n.p.
1.1
n.p.
0.7
0.6
n.p.
0.9
0.9
0.9
Total§
10
414
77
177
93
16
248
128
1,163
0.6
1.2
7.6
0.9
1.2
0.7
1.0
1.3
1.2
Hepatitis B (acute) (principal diagnosis only) 02/03
<5
59
<5
25
4
6
75
20
194
n.p.
0.9
n.p.
0.7
0.3
1.3
1.5
1.0
1.0
03/04
0
50
<5
23
8
<5
62
18
169
0.7
n.p.
0.6
0.5
n.p.
1.3
0.9
0.8
04/05
<5
39
<5
15
8
<5
61
22
154
n.p.
0.6
n.p.
0.4
0.5
n.p.
1.2
1.1
0.8
05/06
<5
57
<5
22
8
5
42
14
152
n.p.
0.8
n.p.
0.5
0.5
1.0
0.8
0.7
0.7
06/07
<5
49
<5
17
15
<5
60
16
163
n.p.
0.7
n.p.
0.4
1.0
n.p.
1.2
0.8
0.8
Total§
6
254
17
102
43
20
300
90
832
0.4
0.8
1.7
0.5
0.6
0.8
1.2
0.9
0.8
Influenza|| 02/03
9
997
36
785
211
30
543
530
3,141
2.8
15.0
18.1
21.1
13.9
6.3
11.2
27.5
16.0
03/04
14
1,241
108
714
386
70
644
779
3,956
4.3
18.6
54.0
18.7
25.2
14.7
13.1
39.9
19.9
04/05
11
618
35
423
146
14
371
401
2,019
3.4
9.2
17.3
10.8
9.5
2.9
7.4
20.2
10.0
05/06
17
720
21
590
263
30
511
441
2,593
5.1
10.7
10.2
14.7
16.9
6.2
10.1
21.9
12.7
06/07
12
571
12
527
118
22
370
219
1,851
3.6
8.4
5.7
12.9
7.5
4.5
7.2
10.6
8.9
Total§
63
4,147
212
3,039
1,124
166
2,439
2,370
13,560
3.8
12.3
20.8
15.6
14.6
6.9
9.8
23.8
13.5
Measles 02/03
0
11
0
0
2
<5
16
<5
32
0.2
0.1
n.p.
0.3
n.p.
0.2
03/04
<5
13
0
9
4
0
11
<5
39
n.p.
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.2
n.p.
0.2
04/05
<5
9
<5
1
3
<5
<5
<5
23
n.p.
0.1
n.p.
<0.05
0.2
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0.1
05/06
<5
24
0
0
4
0
5
<5
39
n.p.
0.4
0.3
0.1
n.p.
0.2
06/07
0
3
0
2
2
0
n.p.
<5
17
<0.05
<0.05
0.1
n.p.
n.p.
0.1
Total§
<5
60
<5
12
15
<5
45
11
150
n.p.
0.2
n.p.
0.1
0.2
n.p.
0.2
0.1
0.1
Meningococcal disease 02/03
<5
277
10
195
40
n.p.
243
95
883
n.p.
4.2
5.0
5.2
2.6
n.p.
5.0
4.9
4.5
03/04
19
250
14
152
57
24
189
64
769
5.8
3.7
7.0
4.0
3.7
5.0
3.8
3.3
3.9
04/05
12
197
12
86
26
18
85
47
483
3.7
2.9
5.9
2.2
1.7
3.7
1.7
2.4
2.4
05/06
6
179
11
111
56
18
144
60
585
1.8
2.6
5.3
2.8
3.6
3.7
2.9
3.0
2.9
06/07
n.p.
152
8
96
28
<5
113
35
439
n.p.
2.2
3.8
2.3
1.8
n.p.
2.2
1.7
2.1
Total§
46
1,055
55
640
207
81
774
301
3,159
2.8
3.1
5.4
3.3
2.7
3.4
3.1
3.0
3.1
Mumps 02/03
0
19
<5
9
3
0
10
<5
45
0.3
n.p.
0.2
0.2
0.2
n.p.
0.2
03/04
0
16
<5
9
1
<5
11
6
45
0.2
n.p.
0.2
0.1
n.p.
0.2
0.3
0.2
04/05
0
15
n.p.
9
4
<5
12
7
48
0.2
n.p.
0.2
0.3
n.p.
0.2
0.4
0.2
05/06
0
13
n.p.
7
0
0
9
<5
32
0.2
n.p.
0.2
0.2
n.p.
0.2
06/07
0
37
0
11
4
<5
18
<5
75
0.5
0.3
0.3
n.p.
0.4
n.p.
0.4
Total§
0
100
<5
45
12
<5
60
22
245
0.3
n.p.
0.2
0.2
n.p.
0.2
0.2
0.2
Pertussis
(all ages)
02/03
<5
111
<5
131
29
6
57
22
359
n.p.
1.7
n.p.
3.5
1.9
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.8
03/04
n.p.
141
<5
76
19
18
73
35
373
n.p.
2.1
n.p.
2.0
1.2
3.8
1.5
1.8
1.9
04/05
n.p.
179
13
87
89
<5
81
129
587
n.p.
2.7
6.4
2.2
5.8
n.p.
1.6
6.5
2.9
05/06
<5
177
15
144
60
<5
40
17
457
n.p.
2.6
7.3
3.6
3.9
n.p.
0.8
0.8
2.2
06/07
0
198
<5
95
63
<5
57
9
425
2.9
n.p.
2.3
4.0
n.p.
1.1
0.4
2.1
Total§
17
806
34
533
260
31
308
212
2,201
1.0
2.4
3.3
2.7
3.4
1.3
1.2
2.1
2.2
(age <5 years only) Total§
10
410
18
236
59
21
203
147
1,104
9.8
19.0
20.4
18.3
13.1
13.9
13.1
23.2
17.2
Pneumococcal disease (invasive) 02/03
25
362
42
175
73
27
281
118
1,103
7.8
5.5
21.1
4.7
4.8
5.7
5.8
6.1
5.6
03/04
16
390
45
162
78
11
256
85
1,043
4.9
5.8
22.5
4.2
5.1
2.3
5.2
4.4
5.2
04/05
15
336
45
142
71
24
222
114
969
4.6
5.0
22.3
3.6
4.6
5.0
4.5
5.7
4.8
05/06
8
286
36
89
62
14
163
80
738
2.4
4.2
17.4
2.2
4.0
2.9
3.2
4.0
3.6
06/07
8
219
40
102
56
17
180
63
685
2.4
3.2
19.0
2.5
3.6
3.5
3.5
3.1
3.3
Total§
72
1,593
208
670
340
93
1,102
460
4,538
4.4
4.7
20.4
3.4
4.4
3.9
4.4
4.6
4.5
Poliomyelitis** 02/03
n.p.
26
<5
3
0
0
6
0
39
n.p.
0.4
n.p.
0.1
0.1
0.2
03/04
0
16
0
1
0
0
<5
<5
20
0.2
<0.05
n.p.
n.p.
0.1
04/05
0
0
0
0
0
0
n.p.
n.p.
1
n.p.
n.p.
<0.05
05/06
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
<0.05
<0.05
06/07
n.p.
5
0
0
0
n.p.
0
0
6
n.p.
0.1
n.p.
<0.05
Total§
<5
49
<5
4
0
<5
8
<5
68
n.p.
0.1
n.p.
<0.05
n.p.
<0.05
n.p.
0.1
(principal diagnosis only) Total§
0
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
<0.05
<0.05
Q fever 02/03
<5
109
<5
107
17
<5
13
7
259
n.p.
1.6
n.p.
2.9
1.1
n.p.
0.3
0.4
1.3
03/04
0
116
<5
86
9
6
13
5
238
1.7
n.p.
2.3
0.6
1.3
0.3
0.3
1.2
04/05
0
74
<5
51
10
<5
14
<5
155
1.1
n.p.
1.3
0.6
n.p.
0.3
n.p.
0.8
05/06
0
67
<5
74
10
0
18
<5
173
1.0
n.p.
1.8
0.6
0.4
n.p.
0.8
06/07
n.p.
75
<5
77
12
0
16
5
187
n.p.
1.1
n.p.
1.9
0.8
0.3
0.2
0.9
Total§
<5
441
11
395
58
n.p.
74
21
1,012
n.p.
1.3
1.1
2.0
0.8
n.p.
0.3
0.2
1.0
Rotavirus 02/03
91
1,710
199
900
337
49
472
313
4,071
28.2
25.8
99.8
24.2
22.2
10.4
9.7
16.3
20.7
03/04
39
1,575
231
567
556
53
436
346
3,803
12.0
23.6
115.4
14.9
36.3
11.1
8.9
17.7
19.1
04/05
45
972
163
571
413
116
344
235
2,859
13.7
14.5
80.6
14.6
26.8
24.0
6.9
11.9
14.2
05/06
73
1,465
232
754
477
42
415
287
3,745
22.1
21.7
112.3
18.8
30.7
8.6
8.2
14.2
18.3
06/07
64
1,839
191
1,076
553
116
750
268
4,857
19.1
27.0
90.7
26.3
35.3
23.7
14.6
13.0
23.5
Total§
312
7,561
1,016
3,868
2,336
376
2,417
1,449
19,335
19.0
22.5
99.7
19.8
30.3
15.6
9.7
14.6
19.2
Rubella 02/03
<5
9
0
2
1
<5
5
<5
21
n.p.
0.1
0.1
0.1
n.p.
0.1
n.p.
0.1
03/04
0
7
0
2
2
<5
<5
<5
18
0.1
0.1
0.1
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0.1
04/05
0
1
0
0
0
0
<5
<5
5
<0.05
n.p.
n.p.
<0.05
05/06
<5
4
0
1
0
0
<5
<5
11
n.p.
0.1
<0.05
n.p.
n.p.
0.1
06/07
0
2
0
3
1
n.p.
n.p.
0
7
<0.05
0.1
0.1
n.p.
n.p.
<0.05
Total§
<5
23
0
8
4
<5
15
7
62
n.p.
0.1
<0.05
0.1
n.p.
0.1
n.p.
0.1
Tetanus** 02/03
0
6
0
7
3
0
5
6
27
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.3
0.1
03/04
0
7
0
4
2
<5
<5
0
17
0.1
0.1
0.1
n.p.
n.p.
0.1
04/05
0
5
0
10
6
n.p.
n.p.
0
22
0.1
0.3
0.4
n.p.
n.p.
0.1
05/06
0
11
0
0
0
<5
<5
0
17
0.2
n.p.
n.p.
0.1
06/07
0
3
<5
12
2
0
n.p.
0
19
<0.05
n.p.
0.3
0.1
n.p.
0.1
Total§
0
32
<5
33
13
<5
13
6
102
0.1
n.p.
0.2
0.2
n.p.
0.1
0.1
0.1
Varicella 02/03
6
428
18
244
91
34
307
130
1,258
1.9
6.5
9.0
6.6
6.0
7.2
6.3
6.8
6.4
03/04
8
568
27
354
122
32
290
145
1,546
2.5
8.5
13.5
9.3
8.0
6.7
5.9
7.4
7.8
04/05
17
492
18
279
113
47
314
197
1,477
5.2
7.3
8.9
7.1
7.3
9.7
6.3
9.9
7.3
05/06
17
601
23
271
87
31
299
182
1,511
5.1
8.9
11.1
6.8
5.6
6.4
5.9
9.0
7.4
06/07
15
438
30
298
63
17
270
145
1,276
4.5
6.4
14.2
7.3
4.0
3.5
5.3
7.0
6.2
Total§
63
2,527
116
1,446
476
161
1,480
799
7,068
3.8
7.5
11.4
7.4
6.2
6.7
5.9
8.0
7.0
Zoster 02/03
57
1,619
26
857
487
176
1,222
448
4,892
17.7
24.4
13.0
23.1
32.0
37.2
25.1
23.3
24.9
03/04
56
1,545
27
817
456
124
1,246
436
4,707
17.2
23.2
13.5
21.4
29.8
26.0
25.3
22.3
23.7
04/05
33
1,971
36
951
459
115
1,275
487
5,327
10.1
29.4
17.8
24.3
29.8
23.8
25.6
24.6
26.5
05/06
64
1,751
35
843
487
113
1,384
444
5,121
19.4
25.9
16.9
21.0
31.4
23.2
27.4
22.0
25.1
06/07
73
1,788
51
882
529
157
1,405
500
5,385
21.8
26.2
24.2
21.6
33.7
32.0
27.4
24.3
26.0
Total§
283
8,674
175
4,350
2,418
685
6,532
2,315
25,432
17.3
25.8
17.2
22.3
31.3
28.4
26.2
23.3
25.2

* Note that total hospitalisations potentially include re-admissions of the same case, inter-hospital transfer, and change of care type. Reported data may also contain possible coding errors.

† See the corresponding disease chapter in Section 4 for definition of ICD-10 codes used to define the disease for analysis.

Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) hospitalisations include only those coded G00.0 (Hib meningitis). Code J05.1 (acute epiglottitis) used in some previous reports is no longer included due to evidence that the specificity of epiglottitis for Hib infection is now extremely low in Australia.

§ Total cases for 5-year period and average annual rate per 100,000 population.

|| Influenza hospitalisations are likely to be substantially underestimated, since influenza may not be reported as the underlying cause or diagnosis in many patients who were diagnosed with the complications of influenza.

¶ Pneumococcal meningitis and septicaemia (proxy for invasive pneumococcal disease).

** Hospitalisations for rare diseases such as poliomyelitis and tetanus should be interpreted with caution due to possible coding errors. In addition, the observation that the majority of hospitalisations coded as acute poliomyelitis occurred in those of older age suggests that these are hospitalisations of adults with a past history of poliomyelitis.

n.p. Not published. The ‘n.p.’ has been used to prevent calculation of the cells marked ‘<5’, or to suppress the rate per 100,000 for the cells where hospitalisations have been suppressed either for ‘<5’ or for ‘n.p.’.

Note: All Australian jurisdictions except New South Wales, Queensland and South Australia have required suppression for all cells with counts of less than 5 (but non-zero). In these tables, the exact count in each of these cells has been replaced by the symbol ‘<5’ for these jurisdictions. Data in additional selected cells have to be suppressed (denoted ‘n.p.’) to prevent back calculation of the suppressed counts of data from the five jurisdictions.

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