Vaccine Preventable Diseases and Vaccination Coverage in Australia, 2003 to 2005

Appendix 3. Hospitalisations by state or territory (1 July 2000–30 June 2005)

Disclaimer: This is the fourth report on vaccine preventable disease and vaccination coverage in Australia, and is produced by the National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance of Vaccine Preventable Diseases and the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare on behalf of the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing published as a supplement to the Communicable Diseases Intelligence journal Volume 31, June 2007.

Page last updated: 20 July 2007

Table 32. Hospitalisations by state or territory and financial year of separation (1 July 2000–30 June 2005)*

    Number of hospitalisations Hospitalisation rate per 100,000 population
Disease Year ACT NSW NT Qld SA Tas Vic WA Total ACT NSW NT Qld SA Tas Vic WA Total
Haemophilus influenzae type b meningitis
(<15 yrs only)
00/01
0
1
0
10
1
<5
<5
<5
n.p.
0.1
1.3
0.3
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
01/02
0
4
<5
2
4
0
<5
<5
16
0.3
n.p.
0.3
1.4
n.p.
n.p.
0.4
02/03
0
3
0
2
2
0
0
7
14
0.2
0.3
0.7
1.8
0.4
03/04
0
2
<5
6
4
0
0
<5
15
0.2
n.p.
0.8
1.4
n.p.
0.4
04/05
0
2
<5
4
0
<5
<5
0
n.p.
0.2
n.p.
0.5
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
Total§
0
12
<15
24
11
<10
<15
<15
70
0.2
2.4
0.6
0.8
n.p.
n.p.
0.6
0.4
Hepatitis A 00/01
5
125
13
66
28
7
75
32
351
1.6
1.9
6.6
1.9
1.9
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
01/02
n.p.
145
14
60
28
<5
54
16
325
n.p.
2.2
7.1
1.7
1.9
n.p.
1.1
0.8
1.7
02/03
<5
112
24
61
29
n.p.
48
26
307
n.p.
1.7
12.1
1.6
1.9
n.p.
1.0
1.4
1.6
03/04
<5
87
17
25
22
n.p.
42
43
243
n.p.
1.3
8.6
0.7
1.4
n.p.
0.9
2.2
1.2
04/05
<5
72
9
38
8
<5
57
17
205
n.p.
1.1
4.5
1.0
0.5
n.p.
1.1
0.9
1.0
Total§
17
541
77
250
115
21
276
134
1,431
1.1
1.6
7.8
1.3
1.5
0.9
1.1
1.4
1.5
Hepatitis B (acute) (principal diagnosis only) 00/01
0
36
<5
14
10
n.p.
65
22
158
0.6
n.p.
0.4
0.7
n.p.
1.4
1.2
0.8
01/02
0
46
n.p.
13
4
<5
61
16
147
0.7
n.p.
0.4
0.3
n.p.
1.3
0.8
0.8
02/03
<5
59
<5
25
4
n.p.
75
20
194
n.p.
0.9
n.p.
0.7
0.3
n.p.
1.5
1.0
1.0
03/04
0
50
<5
23
8
<5
62
18
169
0.7
n.p.
0.6
0.5
n.p.
1.3
0.9
0.9
04/05
<5
39
<5
15
8
<5
61
22
154
n.p.
0.6
n.p.
0.4
0.5
n.p.
1.2
1.1
0.8
Total§
<5
230
n.p.
90
34
n.p.
324
98
822
n.p.
0.7
n.p.
0.5
0.4
n.p.
1.3
1.0
0.8
Influenza|| 00/01
17
1,191
38
701
331
54
603
536
3,471
5.4
18.4
19.4
19.7
22.0
11.5
12.7
28.6
18.1
01/02
11
817
24
631
293
36
493
502
2,807
3.4
12.4
12.1
17.4
19.4
7.6
10.3
26.4
14.5
02/03
9
997
36
785
211
30
543
530
3,141
2.8
15.0
18.1
21.2
13.9
6.3
11.2
27.5
16.0
03/04
14
1,241
108
714
386
70
644
779
3,956
4.3
18.6
54.4
18.8
25.3
14.7
13.1
39.9
19.9
04/05
11
618
35
423
146
14
371
401
2,019
3.4
9.2
17.5
10.9
9.5
2.9
7.5
20.3
10.0
Total§
62
4,864
241
3,254
1,367
204
2,654
2,748
15,394
3.9
14.7
24.3
17.5
18.0
8.6
10.9
28.5
15.7
Measles 00/01
<5
14
0
6
4
0
36
<5
65
n.p.
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.8
0.2
0.3
01/02
0
10
0
2
1
<5
18
n.p.
41
0.2
0.1
0.1
n.p
0.4
0.4
0.2
02/03
0
11
0
0
2
<5
16
<5
32
0.2
0.1
n.p
0.3
0.1
0.2
03/04
<5
13
0
9
4
0
n.p.
<5
39
n.p.
0.2
0.2
0.3
n.p
0.1
0.2
04/05
<5
9
n.p
1
3
<5
<5
<5
23
n.p.
0.1
n.p
0.0
0.2
n.p
n.p
0.2
0.1
Total§
<5
57
<5
18
14
<5
85
17
200
n.p.
0.2
n.p
0.1
0.2
n.p
0.4
0.2
0.2
Meningococcal disease 00/01
5
323
10
140
51
15
230
96
870
1.6
5.0
5.1
3.9
3.4
3.2
4.9
5.1
4.5
01/02
9
240
15
178
60
44
253
77
876
2.8
3.7
7.6
4.9
4.0
9.3
5.3
4.1
4.5
02/03
<5
277
10
195
n.p.
19
243
95
883
n.p.
4.2
5.0
5.3
n.p.
4.0
5.0
4.9
4.5
03/04
19
250
14
152
57
24
189
64
769
5.9
3.7
7.1
4.0
3.7
5.0
3.8
3.3
3.9
04/05
12
197
12
86
26
18
85
47
483
3.7
2.9
6.0
2.2
1.7
3.7
1.7
2.4
2.4
Total§
n.p.
1,287
61
751
n.p.
120
1,000
379
2,135
n.p.
3.9
6.2
4.0
n.p.
5.1
4.1
3.9
4.0
Mumps 00/01
<5
15
0
10
4
0
12
<5
48
n.p.
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.3
n.p
0.3
01/02
0
18
0
5
4
<5
7
<5
37
0.3
0.1
0.3
n.p
0.1
n.p
0.2
02/03
0
19
<5
9
3
0
10
<5
45
0.3
n.p
0.2
0.2
0.2
n.p
0.2
03/04
0
16
<5
9
1
<5
11
n.p.
45
0.2
n.p
0.2
0.1
n.p
0.2
n.p
0.2
04/05
0
15
0
9
4
<5
12
n.p.
48
0.2
0.2
0.3
n.p
0.2
n.p
0.2
Total§
<5
83
<5
42
16
<5
52
22
223
n.p.
0.3
n.p
0.2
0.2
n.p
0.2
0.2
0.2
Pertussis 00/01
8
267
10
56
78
6
62
19
506
2.5
4.1
5.1
1.6
5.2
1.3
1.3
1.0
2.6
01/02
<5
260
44
156
134
n.p.
98
68
770
n.p
4.0
22.2
4.3
8.9
n.p.
2.0
3.6
4.0
02/03
<5.
111
<5
131
29
n.p.
57
22
359
n.p.
1.7
n.p
3.5
1.9
n.p.
1.2
1.1
1.8
03/04
n.p.
141
<5
76
19
18
73
35
373
n.p
2.1
n.p
2.0
1.2
3.8
1.5
1.8
1.9
04/05
n.p.
179
13
87
89
<5
81
129
587
n.p.
2.7
6.5
2.2
5.8
n.p.
1.6
6.5
2.9
Total§
27
958
71
506
349
40
371
273
2,595
1.7
2.9
7.2
2.7
4.6
1.7
1.5
2.8
2.6
(<5 yr only) Total§
16
605
60
295
172
29
276
200
1,653
15.5
28.0
68.5
23.8
37.9
18.9
18.0
31.9
26.0
Pneumococcal disease
(invasive)
00/01
14
375
58
170
65
13
218
99
1,012
4.4
5.8
29.7
4.8
4.3
2.8
4.6
5.3
5.3
01/02
20
365
46
189
104
25
254
98
1,101
6.3
5.6
23.3
5.2
6.9
5.3
5.3
5.2
5.7
02/03
25
362
42
175
73
27
281
118
1,103
7.8
5.5
21.1
4.7
4.8
5.7
5.8
6.1
5.6
03/04
16
390
45
162
78
11
256
85
1,043
4.9
5.8
22.7
4.3
5.1
2.3
5.2
4.4
5.2
04/05
15
336
45
142
71
24
222
114
969
4.6
5.0
22.5
3.7
4.6
5.0
4.5
5.8
4.8
Total§
90
1,828
236
838
391
100
1231
514
5,228
5.6
5.5
23.8
4.5
5.1
4.2
5.1
5.3
5.3
Poliomyelitis** 00/01
0
9
<5
0
3
0
<5
0
n.p.
0.1
n.p.
0.2
n.p.
n.p.
01/02
<5
6
<5
0
2
<5
0
0
14
n.p.
0.1
n.p.
0.1
n.p.
0.1
02/03
<5
26
<5
3
0
0
n.p.
0
39
n.p.
0.4
n.p.
0.1
n.p.
0.2
03/04
0
16
0
1
0
0
<5
<5
20
0.2
0.0
n.p.
n.p.
0.1
04/05††
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
1
0.1
Total§
<5
57
7
n.p.
n.p.
<5
9
<5
88
n.p.
0.2
0.7
0.0
0.1
n.p.
0.0
n.p.
0.1.
(Principal diagnosis only) Total§
0
6
0
0
1
0
0
0
7
0.0
0.0
0.0
Q fever 00/01
0
62
0
111
3
0
13
<5
n.p.
1.0
3.1
0.2
0.3
n.p.
n.p.
01/02
0
71
<5
136
11
<5
16
<5
239
1.1
n.p.
3.7
0.7
n.p.
0.3
n.p.
1.2
02/03
<5
109
<5
107
17
<5
13
7
259
n.p.
1.6
n.p.
2.9
1.1
n.p.
0.3
0.4
1.3
03/04
0
116
<5
86
9
6
13
n.p.
238
1.7
n.p.
2.3
0.6
1.3
0.3
n.p.
1.2
04/05
0
74
<5
51
10
<5
14
<5
155
1.1
n.p.
1.3
0.7
n.p.
0.3
n.p.
0.8
Total§
<5
432
n.p.
491
50
11
69
22
1,084
n.p.
1.3
n.p.
2.6
0.7
0.5
0.3
0.2
1.1
Rotavirus 00/01
147
1,725
298
805
445
44
559
452
4,475
46.6
26.6
152.4
22.6
29.6
9.3
11.8
24.1
23.4
01/02
142
1,630
296
764
325
95
422
376
4,050
44.5
24.8
149.7
21.1
21.5
20.1
8.8
19.8
20.9
02/03
91
1,710
199
900
337
49
472
313
4,071
28.3
25.8
100.2
24.3
22.2
10.4
9.7
16.3
20.7
03/04
39
1,575
231
567
556
53
436
346
3,803
12.1
23.6
116.3
14.9
36.4
11.1
8.9
17.7
19.1
04/05
45
972
163
571
413
116
344
235
2,859
13.9
14.5
81.6
14.7
26.9
24.1
6.9
11.9
14.2
Total§
464
7,612
1,187
3,607
2,076
357
2,233
1,722
19,258
28.9
23.0
119.9
19.4
27.3
15.0
9.2
17.9
19.6
Rubella 00/01
0
24
0
3
1
0
<5
<5
33
0.4
0.1
0.1
n.p.
n.p.
0.2
01/02
0
15
0
1
1
<5
<5
0
21
0.2
0.0
0.1
n.p.
n.p.
0.0
0.1
02/03
<5
9
0
2
1
<5
n.p.
<5
21
n.p.
0.1
0.1
0.1
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0.1
03/04
0
7
0
2
2
<5
<5
<5
18
0.1
0.1
0.1
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0.1
04/05
0
1
0
0
0
0
<5
<5
5
0.0
n.p.
n.p.
0.0
Total§
<5
56
0
8
5
<5
n.p.
n.p.
98
n.p.
0.2
0.0
0.1
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0.1
Tetanus** 00/01
0
17
0
6
3
<5
<5
<5
31
0.3
0.2
0.2
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0.2
01/02
0
6
0
4
3
0
<5
6
23
0.1
0.1
0.2
n.p.
0.3
0.1
02/03
0
6
0
7
3
0
5
6
27
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.3
0.1
03/04
0
7
0
4
n.p.
<5
<5
0
17
0.1
0.1
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0.1
04/05
0
5
0
10
n.p.
0
<5
0
22
0.1
0.3
n.p.
n.p.
0.1
Total§
0
41
0
31
17
<5
16
n.p.
120
0.1
0.2
0.2
n.p.
0.1
n.p.
0.1
Varicella 00/01
22
548
14
336
152
30
344
198
1,644
7.0
8.4
7.2
9.4
10.1
6.4
7.3
10.6
8.6
01/02
22
570
21
308
185
32
344
197
1,679
6.9
8.7
10.6
8.5
12.2
6.8
7.2
10.4
8.6
02/03
6
428
18
244
91
34
307
130
1,258
1.9
6.5
9.1
6.6
6.0
7.2
6.3
6.8
6.4
03/04
8
568
27
354
122
32
290
145
1,546
2.5
8.5
13.6
9.3
8.0
6.7
5.9
7.4
7.8
04/05
17
492
18
279
113
47
314
197
1,477
5.2
7.3
9.0
7.2
7.4
9.7
6.3
10.0
7.4
Total§
75
2,606
98
1,521
663
175
1,599
867
7,604
4.7
7.9
9.9
8.2
8.7
7.4
6.6
9.0
7.7
Zoster 00/01
44
1,521
15
838
444
135
1,142
416
4,555
14.0
23.4
7.7
23.5
29.5
28.6
24.1
22.2
23.8
01/02
56
1,453
21
891
514
138
1,175
380
4,628
17.5
22.1
10.6
24.6
34.0
29.2
24.5
20.0
23.8
02/03
57
1,619
26
857
487
176
1,222
448
4,892
17.7
24.4
13.1
23.1
32.1
37.2
25.2
23.3
24.9
03/04
56
1,545
27
817
456
124
1,246
436
4,707
17.3
23.1
13.6
21.5
29.9
26.0
25.4
22.4
23.7
04/05
33
1,971
36
951
459
115
1,275
487
5,327
10.2
29.3
18.0
24.5
29.9
23.8
25.7
24.6
26.5
Total§
246
8,109
125
4,354
2,360
688
6,060
2,167
24,109
15.3
24.5
12.6
23.4
31.1
29.0
25.0
22.5
24.6

* Note that total hospitalisations potentially include readmissions of the same case and inter-hospital transfers. Reported data may also contain possible coding errors.

† See Chapter 3 for defining ICD codes.

Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) hospitalisations include only hospitalisations coded as G00.0 (Hib meningitis). The ICD-10 code J05.1 (acute epiglottitis) used in previous reports is no longer included due to evidence that the specificity of epiglottitis for Hib infection is now extremely low in Australia.

§ Total cases for 5-year period and average annual rate per 100,000 population.

|| Influenza hospitalisations are likely to be a large underestimate since many people will be diagnosed with the complications of influenza, without influenza being reported as the underlying cause.

¶ Pneumococcal meningitis and septicaemia.

** Hospitalisations for rare diseases such as poliomyelitis and tetanus should be interpreted with caution due to possible coding errors. The older age of hospitalisations coded as acute poliomyelitis suggests that these are in fact hospitalisations of adults with a past history of poliomyelitis.

†† All states and territories have been suppressed to allow publication of the national total.

n.p = not published. The n.p. has been used to prevent calculation of the cells marked <5, or to suppress the rate per 100,000 for the cells where hospitalisations have been suppressed either for <5 or for n.p.

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