Risk factors for eye disease and injury: literature review

Abbreviations and acronyms

Page last updated: December 2008

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      AAO
      American Academy of Ophthalmology
      ADA
      American Diabetic Association
      AK
      Acanthamoeba keratitis
      AMD
      age-related macular degeneration
      ARM
      age-related maculopathy
      BMI
      body mass index
      CCT
      controlled clinical trials
      CI
      confidence interval
      CL
      contact lens
      CMV
      Cytomegalovirus
      CNV
      choroidal neovascularisation
      DHA
      docosa-haxaenoic acid (long chain omega-3 fatty acid)
      DM
      diabetes mellitus
      DR
      diabetic retinopathy
      DZ
      dizygous
      HIV
      human immunodeficiency virus
      HPV
      human papilloma virus
      ICS
      inhaled corticosteroids
      IDDM
      insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
      IOP
      intraocular pressure
      JOAG
      juvenile open-angle glaucoma
      LPS
      large population study
      MP
      macular pigment
      MZ
      monozygous
      NA
      not applicable
      NHMRC
      National Health and Medical Research Council
      NNT
      number needed to treat
      OAG
      open-angle glaucoma
      OHT
      ocular hypertension
      OR
      odds ratio
      OSSN
      ocular surface squamous neoplasia
      PAL
      progressive addition lens
      PCR
      polymerase chain reaction
      PICO
      population, intervention, comparator and outcome
      POAG
      primary open-angle glaucoma
      RCT
      randomised controlled trial
      ROP
      retinopathy of prematurity
      RP
      retinitis pigmentosa
      RPE
      retinal pigment epithelium
      RR
      relative risk
      RWP
      European Retinopathy Working Party
      SCC
      squamous cell carcinoma
      SVL
      single vision lens
      UV
      ultraviolet
      UVB
      medium-wave ultraviolet light
      WHR
      waist-to-hip ratio