Australian Trachoma Surveillance Report 2012

Queensland Results 2012

Trachoma screening and management data for 2012 were provided to the National Trachoma Surveillance and Reporting Unit by the Northern Territory (NT), South Australia (SA), Western Australia (WA) and Queensland (Qld). Data were analysed by region in the NT, SA and WA, with five regions in the NT, four in SA and four in WA. Queensland screened six communities and its data was aggregated for analysis. Jurisdictional authorities had designated 204 remote Aboriginal communities as being at risk of endemic trachoma in 2012.

Page last updated: 23 December 2013

Screening coverage

  • Six potentially at-risk communities were selected and screened as a mapping exercise in Qld in 2012.
  • Community screening coverage for trachoma in children aged 5-9 years in these six communities was 64% (194/301) (Table 5.1).

Clean face prevalence

  • The overall prevalence of clean faces among 5-9-year-old children screened in Qld was 70% (136/194) (Table 5.1).

Trachoma prevalence

  • No trachoma was reported in any of the six communities screened (Table 5.1).
  • In one community in the Torres Strait, follicles were observed in eight children. PCR swabs were taken from the eight children and household contacts. Results from the PCR test were all negative for Chlamydia trachomatis.

Treatment coverage

  • Treatment for trachoma was not required for any of the six communities screened (Table 5.1); however azithromycin was administered to the eight children found with trachoma like follicles in the Torres Strait and household contacts prior to the results of the PCR test being available.

Health promotion

  • Health promotion activities were reported in all six communities deemed potentially at-risk (Table 5.2).

Figure 5.1 Trachoma prevalence in children aged 5‑9 years, number of communities screened and number of at‑risk communities in Queensland in 2012

Map of Queensland, with shaded legend distinguishing the trachoma prevalence in 2012. Torres Strait,  2 out of 2 at-risk communities screened showing 0% trachoma prevalence. Cape York, 1 out of 1 at-risk community screened showing 0% trachoma prevalence. North West, 3 out of 3 at-risk communities screened showing 0% trachoma prevalence.

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Table 5.1 Trachoma screening coverage, trachoma prevalence, and clean face prevalence in Queensland in 2012

* Calculated as the proportions of children with active trachoma in age groups 1-4 and 5-9 years, weighted by the estimated population sizes of each age group. This calculation accounts for uneven coverage with respect to age groups

Number of communities at risk 6
Number of communities screened 6
Trachoma prevalence 1-9 years (weighted by population)* 0%
Age group (years) 1-4 5-9 10-14 1-14
ABS estimated number of Aboriginal children at risk 390 425 293 1108
Jurisdiction Estimated number of Aboriginal children at risk 258 301 123 682
Children examined for clean face 1 194 50 245
Children with clean face 1 136 50 187
Clean face prevalence 100% 70% 100% 76%
Children examined for trachoma 1 194 52 247
Trachoma screening coverage 0.4% 64% 42% 36%
Children with active trachoma 0 0 0 0
Active trachoma prevalence 0% 0% 0% 0%
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Table 5.2 Health promotion activities in Queensland in 2012

* 2 -4 times per year

† 5-12 times per year

Number of communities at-risk 6
Number of communities who reported health promotion activities 6
Methods of Health Promotion
One-on-one discussion
Presentation to group
Interactive group session
Social Marketing
Print material
Mass Media
Sporting/community events
Target audience
Health professionals/staff
Teachers/childcare/preschool staff
Community members
Community educators/health promoters
Interagency members
Frequency of health promotion activities