Under the Biosecurity Act 2015, all aircraft and vessels must enter Australian territory at designated First Points of Entry (FPoE) that meet a minimum number of standards as set by the Director of Biosecurity. There are 94 FPoE in Australia, of which 14 are also designated as PoE under the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR), following demonstration that they meet the IHR Annex 1B core capacity requirements.
The IHR Annex 1B core capacity requirements include a number of capacities that must be maintained at all times including emergency plans which incorporate strategies to respond to health emergencies. In addition, there are a number of capacities that must be provided during public health emergencies of international concern.
Below are links to Australia’s national response plans relevant to the IHR Annex 1B core capacity requirements.
- WHO Guide for public health emergency contingency planning at designated points of entry
The Australian Government has also recently responded to a house of Representatives Standing Committee on Health and Ageing inquiry titled ‘Diseases have no Borders: Report on the Inquiry into Health Issues across International Borders”. More information on the Australia Government Response can be located on the Government responses to enquiries webpage.