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Fluoridation of Drinking Water
Long term health impact of fluoridated drinking water.
The most up-to-date evidence confirms fluoride in the water system is safe and effective for people of all ages.
Water fluoridation has been endorsed by the World Health Organization, Australian Medical Association, American Academy of Pediatrics and the Australian Dental Association. The national health position on fluoridation of water is set out in the Healthy Mouths Healthy Lives: Australia’s National Oral Health Plan 2004-2013 found on the Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health website.
The latest National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) systematic review of fluoride and health, A Systematic Review of the Efficacy and Safety of Fluoridation (2007), states that fluoridation of drinking water remains the most effective measure for reducing dental caries. A brief summary of the report can be found in the NHMRC Public Statement. This Statement notes that there is insufficient evidence to reach a conclusion regarding possible harmful effects of water fluoridation.
Another recent and thorough analysis of the safety and efficacy of fluoride in drinking water was conducted by Food Standards Australia and New Zealand (FSANZ) as part of its assessment of the application for the voluntary addition of fluoride to bottled water. The assessment reports and supporting documents provide comprehensive information about the safety of fluoride in drinking water and can be obtained from the FSANZ website.