Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) case definition

This document contains the case definitions for Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) which is nationally notifiable within Australia. This definition should be used to determine whether a case should be notified.

Page last updated: 12 March 2004

Australian national notifiable diseases case definitions - Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

Reporting

Only confirmed cases should be notified.

Confirmed case

A confirmed case requires laboratory definitive evidence AND clinical evidence.

Laboratory definitive evidence

Definitive diagnosis of HIV infection (see case definitions for human immunodeficiency virus).

Clinical evidence

A diagnosis of at least one of the following clinical conditions:*

• Candidiasis of the bronchi, trachea or lungs - definitive diagnosis only

• Oesophageal candidiasis - definitive or presumptive diagnosis

• Invasive cervical cancer - definitive diagnosis

• Coccidioidomycosis, disseminated or extrapulmonary - definitive diagnosis only

• Cryptococcosis, extrapulmonary - definitive diagnosis only

• Cryptosporidiosis of more than one month's duration - definitive diagnosis only

• Cytomegalovirus retinitis, with loss of vision - definitive or presumptive diagnosis

• Encephalopathy, HIV related - definitive diagnosis only

• Herpes simplex: chronic ulcer(s) of more than one month's duration, bronchitis, pneumonitis or oesophagitis - definitive diagnosis only

• Histoplasmosis, disseminated or extrapulmonary - definitive diagnosis only

• Isosporiasis, chronic intestinal, of more than one month's duration - definitive diagnosis only

• Kaposi's sarcoma - definitive or presumptive diagnosis

• Lymphoma, Burkitt's - definitive diagnosis only

• Lymphoma, immunoblastic - definitive diagnosis only

• Lymphoma, primary, of brain - definitive diagnosis only

Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, any site, pulmonary or extrapulmonary - definitive or presumptive diagnosis

• Non-tuberculous mycobacterial disease, disseminated or extrapulmonary - definitive or presumptive diagnosis

Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia - definitive or presumptive diagnosis

• Pneumonia, recurrent bacterial - definitive or presumptive

• Progressive multi-focal leukoencephalopathy - definitive diagnosis only

Salmonella septicaemia, recurrent - definitive diagnosis only

• Toxoplasmosis - definitive or presumptive diagnosis

• Wasting syndrome due to HIV infection - definitive diagnosis only

• Bacterial infection affecting a child less than 13 year of age - definitive diagnosis only

• Lymphoid interstitial pneumonia and/or pulmonary lymphoid hyperplasia affecting a child less than 13 years of age - definitive or presumptive diagnosis.



* Illnesses indicative of AIDS are defined in the Australian National Council on AIDS (ANCA) Bulletin 18: Definition of HIV infection and AIDS-defining illnesses. ANCA. April 1994. Canberra.



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