Australian Sentinel Practices Research Network, 1 April to 30 June 2015

The Australian Sentinel Practices Research Network was established in 1991 to provide a rapid, national, monitoring scheme for infectious diseases that can alert public health officials of epidemics before they arise. The network consists of general practitioners, throughout all 8 states and territories in Australia, who report presentations on a number of defined medical conditions each week. This report presents data from the second quarter of 2015 (1 April to 30 June) and includes the syndromic surveillance of influenza-like-illness, gastroenteritis, chicken pox, and shingles, and the virological surveillance of respiratory viruses including influenza A, influenza B, RSV and rhinovirus.

Page last updated: 16 October 2015

Monique B-N Chilver, Daniel Blakeley, Nigel P Stocks for the Australian Sentinel Practices Research Network

Introduction

The Australian Sentinel Practices Research Network (ASPREN) is a national surveillance system that is funded by the Australian Government Department of Health, owned and operated by the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners and directed through the Discipline of General Practice at the University of Adelaide.

The network consists of general practitioners who report presentations on a number of defined medical conditions each week. ASPREN was established in 1991 to provide a rapid monitoring scheme for infectious diseases that can alert public health officials of epidemics in their early stages as well as play a role in the evaluation of public health campaigns and research of conditions commonly seen in general practice. Electronic, web-based data collection was established in 2006.

Since 2010, ASPREN GPs have been collecting nasal swab samples for laboratory testing, allowing for viral testing of 20% of influenza-like illness (ILI) patients for a range of respiratory viruses including influenza A, influenza B and A(H1N1)pdm09.

The list of conditions reported is reviewed annually by the ASPREN management committee. In 2015, 4 conditions are being monitored. They include ILI, gastroenteritis and varicella infections (chickenpox and shingles). Definitions of these conditions are described in Surveillance systems reported in CDI, published in Commun Dis Intell 2015;39(1):E180.

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Results

Sentinel practices contributing to ASPREN were located in all 8 states and territories in Australia. A total of 241 general practitioners regularly contributed data to ASPREN in the 2nd quarter of 2015. Each week an average of 201 general practitioners provided information to ASPREN at an average of 16,862 (range 13,411 to 18,560) consultations per week and an average of 163 (range 96 to 262) notifications per week.

Figure 1: Consultation rates for influenza-like illness, ASPREN, 2014 and 1 January to 30 June 2015, by week of report

line chart. A link to a text description follows.

Text version of Figure 1 (TXT 1 KB)

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ILI rates reported from 1 April to 30 June 2015 averaged 6 cases per 1,000 consultations (range 2–13 cases per 1,000 consultations). This was lower compared with rates in the same reporting period in 2014, which averaged 8 cases per 1,000 consultations (range 4–11 cases per 1,000 consultations, Figure 1). ILI rates sharply increased above baseline in week 25.

The ASPREN ILI swab testing program continued in 2015 with 746 tests being undertaken from 1 April to 30 June. The most commonly reported virus during this period was rhinovirus (16.1% of all swabs performed, Table), with the 2nd most common virus being influenza B (10.3% of all swabs performed).

Table: Influenza-like illness swab testing results, ASPREN, 1 January to 30 June 2015, by week of report
Week ending Influenza A
%
Influenza B
%
RSV
%
Para­influenza virus type 1
%
Para­influenza virus type 2
%
Para-influenza virus type 3
%
Adenovirus
%
Rhinovirus
%
Metapneumovirus
%
Mycoplasma pneumonaie
%
Pertussis
%
Proportion positive for Influenza
%
4 Jan
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
25
0
0
0 0
11 Jan
50
0
0
0
50
0
0
0
0
0
0 50
18 Jan
0
13
13
0
0
13
0
0
0
0
0 13
25 Jan
0
11
0
0
0
33
0
11
11
0
0 11
1 Feb
13
38
0
0
13
0
13
0
0
0
0 50
8 Feb
0
0
0
0
0
0
50
25
0
0
0 0
15 Feb
14
0
0
0
14
0
0
7
7
0
0 14
22 Feb
10
0
0
0
10
0
0
14
0
0
0 10
1 Mar
8
15
8
0
0
8
0
23
0
0
0 23
8 Mar
14
0
0
0
9
0
0
18
5
5
0 14
15 Mar
10
0
0
0
10
5
0
10
0
5
0 10
22 Mar
13
0
0
4
4
0
0
22
4
0
0 13
29 Mar
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
23
5
0
0 0
5 Apr
15
0
5
0
10
0
0
5
10
5
0 15
12 Apr
10
0
0
0
5
5
5
25
0
0
0 10
19 Apr
0
9
14
0
0
5
5
9
0
0
0 9
26 Apr
3
0
0
3
0
0
0
20
0
0
0 3
3 May
8
3
5
0
3
3
0
14
0
3
0 11
10 May
4
11
9
0
2
5
5
13
2
0
0 14
17 May
7
20
5
2
5
5
4
14
2
2
0 27
24 May
0
13
3
0
2
5
0
20
2
0
0 13
31 May
0
10
10
0
2
5
5
23
3
0
0 10
7 Jun
4
9
6
0
4
10
6
19
3
1
0 13
14 Jun
6
13
4
1
4
6
7
17
1
1
0 20
21 Jun
6
7
9
0
2
1
4
14
3
0
0 13
28 Jun
3
15
10
0
2
12
4
14
2
1
0 18
Total proportion positive by virus
5.2
9.2
5.8
0.4
3.4
5.3
3.5
15.9
2.3
0.9
0.0 14

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From the beginning of 2015 to the end of week 27, 132 cases of influenza were detected with 84 of these typed as influenza B (9.1% of all swabs performed) and the remaining 48 being influenza A (5.2% of all swabs performed) (Table). Overall respiratory virus positivity was 52% compared to 43% for the same period last year.

During this reporting period, consultation rates for gastroenteritis averaged 3 cases per 1,000 consultations (range 2–5 cases per 1,000, Figure 2). This was slightly lower than the rates in the same reporting period in 2014 where the average was 5 cases per 1,000 consultations (range 3–6 cases per 1,000).

Figure 2: Consultation rates for gastroenteritis, ASPREN, 2014 and 1 January to 30 June 2015, by week of report

line chart. A link to a text description follows

Text version of Figure 2 (TXT 1 KB)

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Figure 3: Consultation rates for chickenpox, ASPREN, 2014 and 1 January to 30 June 2015, by week of report

line chart. A link to a text description follows

Text version of Figure 3 (TXT 1 KB)

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Varicella infections were reported at a similar rate for the 2nd quarter of 2015 compared with the same period in 2014. From 1 April to 30 June 2015, recorded rates for chickenpox averaged 0.11 cases per 1,000 consultations (range 0.02–0.31 cases per 1,000 consultations, Figure 3).

In the 2nd quarter of 2015, reported rates for shingles averaged 0.92 cases per 1,000 consultations (range 0.46–2.49 cases per 1,000 consultations, Figure 4), which was slightly higher compared with the same reporting period in 2014 where the average shingles rate was 0.89 cases per 1,000 consultations (range 0.29–3.13 cases per 1,000 consultations).

Figure 4: Consultation rates for shingles, ASPREN, 2014 and 1 January to 30 June 2015, by week of report

line chart. A link to a text description follows

Text version of Figure 4 (TXT 1 KB)

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