National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System, 1 July to 30 September 2014

The National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System collates data from Australian states and territories. These data have been published on the Department of Health website and quarterly data are published in Communicable Diseases Intelligence. This page contains data for the reporting period 1 July to 30 September 2014.

Page last updated: 24 December 2014

A summary of diseases currently being reported by each jurisdiction is provided in Table 1. There were 64,307 notifications to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) with a notification received date between 1 July to 30 September 2014 (Table 2). The notification rate of diseases per 100,000 population for each state or territory is presented in Table 3.

Table 1: Reporting of notifiable diseases by jurisdiction
Disease Data received from:
* Infections with Shiga-like toxin (verotoxin) producing Escherichia coli (STEC/VTEC).

NEC Not elsewhere classified.
Bloodborne diseases
Hepatitis (NEC)
All jurisdictions
Hepatitis B (newly acquired)
All jurisdictions
Hepatitis B (unspecified)
All jurisdictions
Hepatitis C (newly acquired)
All jurisdictions except Queensland
Hepatitis C (unspecified)
All jurisdictions
Hepatitis D
All jurisdictions
Gastrointestinal diseases
Botulism
All jurisdictions
Campylobacteriosis
All jurisdictions except New South Wales
Cryptosporidiosis
All jurisdictions
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome
All jurisdictions
Hepatitis A
All jurisdictions
Hepatitis E
All jurisdictions
Listeriosis
All jurisdictions
STEC, VTEC*
All jurisdictions
Salmonellosis
All jurisdictions
Shigellosis
All jurisdictions
Typhoid
All jurisdictions
Quarantinable diseases
Cholera
All jurisdictions
Highly pathogenic avian influenza in humans
All jurisdictions
Plague
All jurisdictions
Rabies
All jurisdictions
Severe acute respiratory syndrome
All jurisdictions
Smallpox
All jurisdictions
Viral haemorrhagic fever
All jurisdictions
Yellow fever
All jurisdictions
Sexually transmissible infections
Chlamydial infection
All jurisdictions
Donovanosis
All jurisdictions
Gonococcal infection
All jurisdictions
Syphilis - congenital
All jurisdictions
Syphilis < 2 years duration
All jurisdictions
Syphilis > 2 years or unspecified duration
All jurisdictions
Vaccine preventable diseases
Diphtheria
All jurisdictions
Haemophilus influenzae type b
All jurisdictions
Influenza (laboratory confirmed)
All jurisdictions
Measles
All jurisdictions
Mumps
All jurisdictions
Pertussis
All jurisdictions
Pneumococcal disease (invasive)
All jurisdictions
Poliomyelitis
All jurisdictions
Rubella
All jurisdictions
Rubella - congenital
All jurisdictions
Tetanus
All jurisdictions
Varicella zoster (chickenpox)
All jurisdictions except New South Wales
Varicella zoster (shingles)
All jurisdictions except New South Wales
Varicella zoster (unspecified)
All jurisdictions except New South Wales
Vectorborne diseases
Arbovirus infection (NEC)
All jurisdictions
Barmah Forest virus infection
All jurisdictions
Dengue virus infection
All jurisdictions
Japanese encephalitis virus infection
All jurisdictions
Kunjin virus infection
All jurisdictions
Malaria
All jurisdictions
Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection
All jurisdictions
Ross River virus infection
All jurisdictions
Zoonoses
Anthrax
All jurisdictions
Australian bat lyssavirus
All jurisdictions
Brucellosis
All jurisdictions
Leptospirosis
All jurisdictions
Lyssavirus (NEC)
All jurisdictions
Ornithosis
All jurisdictions
Q fever
All jurisdictions
Tularaemia
All jurisdictions
Other bacterial infections
Legionellosis
All jurisdictions
Leprosy
All jurisdictions
Meningococcal infection
All jurisdictions
Tuberculosis
All jurisdictions

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Table 2: Notifications of diseases received by state and territory health authorities, 1 July to 30 September 2014, by date of diagnosis*
  State or territory Total 3rd quarter 2014 Total 2nd quarter 2014 Total 3rd quarter 2013 Last 5 years mean 3rd quarter Ratio Year to date 2014 Last 5 years YTD mean
Disease ACT NSW NT Qld SA Tas Vic WA
* The date of diagnosis is the onset date or where the date of onset was not known, the earliest of the specimen collection date, the notification date, or the notification receive date. For hepatitis B (unspecified), hepatitis C (unspecified), leprosy, syphilis (> 2 years or unspecified duration) and tuberculosis, the public health unit notification receive date was used.

† Newly acquired hepatitis includes cases where the infection was determined to be acquired within 24 months prior to diagnosis. Queensland reports hepatitis C newly acquired under hepatitis unspecified.

‡ Unspecified hepatitis and syphilis includes cases where the duration of infection could not be determined or is greater than 24 months.

§ Infection with Shiga toxin/verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli.

|| Includes Chlamydia trachomatis identified from cervical, rectal, urine, urethral and throat samples, except for South Australia, which reports only cervical, urine and urethral specimens. From 1 July 2013 case definition changed to exclude all ocular infections.

¶ The national case definitions for chlamydial, gonococcal and syphilis diagnoses include infections that may be acquired through a non-sexual mode (especially in children – e.g. perinatal infections, epidemic gonococcal conjunctivitis).

** In the Australian Capital Territory, Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection and Kunjin virus infection are combined under Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection.

†† Only invasive meningococcal disease is nationally notifiable. However, New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory also report conjunctival cases.

NN Not notifiable

NEC Not elsewhere classified

Totals comprise data from all states and territories. Cumulative figures are subject to retrospective revision so there may be discrepancies between the number of new notifications and the increment in the cumulative figure from the previous period.
Bloodborne diseases
Hepatitis (NEC)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
Hepatitis B (newly acquired)
0
1
0
11
2
2
11
6
33
46
36
52.4
0.6
135
158.8
Hepatitis B (unspecified)
25
636
31
269
92
8
434
201
1,696
1,673
1,880
1,787.8
0.9
4,976
5,160.4
Hepatitis C (newly acquired)
1
4
0
0
12
4
30
42
93
106
103
101.2
0.9
296
318.4
Hepatitis C (unspecified)
37
960
44
703
119
43
525
239
2,670
2,615
2,773
2,700.6
1.0
7,729
7,864.4
Hepatitis D
0
3
0
3
0
0
5
1
12
16
8
8.4
1.4
38
29.6
Gastrointestinal diseases
Botulism
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0.4
0.0
1
1.4
Campylobacteriosis
105
NN
63
1,551
486
200
1,285
749
4,439
4,731
3,529
3,899.6
1.1
13,865
11,749.8
Cryptosporidiosis
2
56
13
101
28
9
163
41
413
671
420
310.6
1.3
1,936
2,563.8
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
4
5
2
2.4
1.7
17
10.2
Hepatitis A
2
16
1
13
0
1
13
5
51
40
45
52.8
1.0
176
183.4
Hepatitis E
0
6
0
2
0
0
1
0
9
22
2
5.8
1.6
41
28.2
Listeriosis
0
3
0
9
3
2
1
0
18
21
15
14.6
1.2
60
59.8
STEC, VTEC§
0
0
0
9
10
0
2
1
22
34
78
31.6
0.7
96
87.6
Salmonellosis
36
656
90
742
254
26
687
258
2,749
4,302
2,252
1,974.0
1.4
12,166
8,659.2
Shigellosis
3
48
23
35
11
1
114
13
248
215
122
114.8
2.2
766
414.0
Typhoid
0
8
0
2
2
0
6
3
21
23
16
19.8
1.1
90
93.8
Quarantinable diseases
Cholera
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1.2
0.0
2
3.8
Highly pathogenic avian influenza in humans
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
Plague
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
Rabies
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
Severe acute respiratory syndrome
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
Smallpox
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
Viral haemorrhagic fever
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
Yellow fever
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.7
Sexually transmissible infections
Chlamydial infection||,¶
307
5,571
750
5,110
1,143
427
4,063
2,728
20,099
21,736
20,532
18,938.4
1.1
64,080
57,276.6
Donovanosis
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.4
0.0
0
0.6
Gonococcal infection
14
1,223
434
595
150
16
671
537
3,640
4,062
3,624
2,807.0
1.3
11,864
8,901.6
Syphilis – congenital
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
0
4
0
3
1.4
2.9
4
3.6
Syphilis < 2 years duration
5
148
26
106
11
4
153
23
476
479
464
359.0
1.3
1,392
1,081.0
Syphilis > 2 years or unspecified duration‡,¶
3
112
17
69
28
3
219
14
465
467
473
372.2
1.2
1,402
1,085.8
Vaccine preventable diseases
Diphtheria
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0.0
0.0
1
1.0
Haemophilus influenzae type b
0
3
0
2
1
0
0
0
6
6
8
5.0
1.2
15
14.6
Influenza (laboratory confirmed)
1,025
18,002
415
13,471
8,616
482
7,324
3,771
53,106
4,641
17,042
23,640.2
2.2
61,523
31,061.8
Measles
6
8
0
8
0
5
18
12
57
73
44
49.0
1.2
304
107.8
Mumps
1
16
0
10
4
2
4
10
47
38
44
37.6
1.3
148
130.6
Pertussis
87
791
33
302
126
11
1,277
467
3,094
2,131
2,990
6,773.0
0.5
7,528
19,771.6
Pneumococcal disease (invasive)
5
185
16
101
62
12
133
72
586
411
554
651.0
0.9
1,208
1,330.2
Poliomyelitis
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
Rubella
0
2
0
0
1
0
0
0
3
3
11
10.8
0.3
12
32.8
Rubella – congenital
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.0
0
0.4
Tetanus
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.6
0.0
1
3.0
Varicella zoster (chickenpox)
6
NN
34
121
81
11
162
122
537
483
606
581.4
0.9
1,506
1,388.8
Varicella zoster (shingles)
28
NN
65
7
466
62
305
360
1,293
1,359
1,147
917.0
1.4
4,047
2,844.0
Varicella zoster (unspecified)
58
NN
3
1,389
68
38
903
275
2,734
2,582
2,671
2,030.4
1.3
8,006
5,823.2
Vectorborne diseases
Arbovirus infection (NEC)
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
2
10
8
4.2
0.5
26
10.4
Barmah Forest virus infection
0
23
5
45
0
0
5
11
89
216
796
370.8
0.2
635
1,722.4
Dengue virus infection
1
57
13
36
14
3
4
84
212
430
508
247.8
0.9
1,289
1,095.4
Japanese encephalitis virus infection
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
2
0.4
2.5
1
1.0
Kunjin virus infection**
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0.0
0.0
1
1.0
Malaria
4
19
4
19
1
2
22
9
80
82
108
113.0
0.7
252
319.8
Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection**
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0.2
0.0
0
4.2
Ross River virus infection
0
136
74
403
15
0
39
207
874
1,340
679
584.8
1.5
3,803
3,950.8
Zoonoses
Anthrax
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.2
Australian bat lyssavirus
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.2
Brucellosis
0
1
1
0
0
0
2
0
4
3
1
7.0
0.6
13
19.8
Leptospirosis
0
3
0
6
1
1
4
1
16
30
20
19.4
0.8
73
117.2
Lyssavirus (NEC)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
Ornithosis
0
1
0
1
0
0
4
0
6
6
9
14.4
0.4
23
42.8
Q fever
0
41
0
54
1
0
5
3
104
116
118
88.0
1.2
345
279.4
Tularaemia
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.3
Other bacterial infections
Legionellosis
0
11
2
28
9
4
21
30
105
111
174
96.0
1.1
304
275.2
Leprosy
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
4
2.6
0.0
7
6.6
Meningococcal infection††
1
7
1
14
15
2
13
4
57
41
49
73.8
0.8
123
172.0
Tuberculosis
8
134
8
46
9
3
98
45
351
308
335
349.6
1.0
969
948.2
Total
1,770
28,891
2,170
25,397
11,843
1,384
18,727
10,345
100,527
55,691
64,307
213,295

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Table 3: Notification rates of diseases, 1 July to 30 September 2014, by state or territory. (Annualised rate per 100,000 population)*,†
Disease State or territory Aust
ACT NSW NT Qld SA Tas Vic WA
* The date of diagnosis is the onset date or where the date of onset was not known, the earliest of the specimen collection date, the notification date, or the notification receive date. For hepatitis B (unspecified), hepatitis C (unspecified), leprosy, syphilis (> 2 years or unspecified duration) and tuberculosis, the public health unit notification receive date was used.

† Rate per 100,000 of population. Annualisation Factor was 4.0

‡ Newly acquired hepatitis includes cases where the infection was determined to be acquired within 24 months prior to diagnosis. Queensland reports hepatitis C newly acquired under hepatitis C unspecified.

§ Unspecified hepatitis and syphilis includes cases where the duration of infection could not be determined or is greater than 24 months.

|| Infection with Shiga toxin/verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli.

¶ Includes Chlamydia trachomatis identified from cervical, rectal, urine, urethral and throat samples, except for South Australia, which reports only cervical, urine and urethral specimens. From 1 July 2013 case definition changed to exclude all ocular infections.

** The national case definitions for chlamydial, gonococcal and syphilis diagnoses include infections that may be acquired through a non-sexual mode (especially in children €“ e.g. perinatal infections, epidemic gonococcal conjunctivitis).

†† In the Australian Capital Territory, Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection and Kunjin virus infection are combined under Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection.

‡‡ Only invasive meningococcal disease is nationally notifiable. However, New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory also report conjunctival cases.

NEC Not elsewhere classified.

NN Not notifiable.
Bloodborne diseases
Hepatitis (NEC)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Hepatitis B (newly acquired)
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.9
0.5
1.6
0.8
1.0
0.6
Hepatitis B (unspecified)§
26.2
34.3
51.4
23.1
22.0
6.2
30.2
31.9
29.3
Hepatitis C (newly acquired)
1.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
2.9
3.1
2.1
6.7
1.6
Hepatitis C (unspecified)§
38.8
51.8
73.0
60.4
28.5
33.5
36.6
37.9
46.2
Hepatitis D
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.2
0.2
Gastrointestinal diseases
Botulism
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Campylobacteriosis
110.1
NN
104.5
133.3
116.4
155.9
89.6
118.9
112.9
Cryptosporidiosis
2.1
3.0
21.6
8.7
6.7
7.0
11.4
6.5
7.1
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.1
Hepatitis A
2.1
0.9
1.7
1.1
0.0
0.8
0.9
0.8
0.9
Hepatitis E
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.2
Listeriosis
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.8
0.7
1.6
0.1
0.0
0.3
STEC,VTEC||
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
2.4
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.4
Salmonellosis
37.7
35.4
149.3
63.8
60.8
20.3
47.9
40.9
47.5
Shigellosis
3.1
2.6
38.1
3.0
2.6
0.8
7.9
2.1
4.3
Typhoid fever
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.2
0.5
0.0
0.4
0.5
0.4
Quarantinable diseases
Cholera
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Human pathogenic avian influenza in humans
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Plague
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Rabies
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Severe acute respiratory syndrome
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Smallpox
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Viral haemorrhagic fever
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Yellow fever
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Sexually transmitted infections
Chlamydial infection¶, **
321.9
300.7
1,243.8
439.1
273.7
332.9
283.2
432.9
347.5
Donovanosis
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Gonococcal infection**
14.7
66.0
719.7
51.1
35.9
12.5
46.8
85.2
62.9
Syphilis €“ congenital
0.0
0.0
6.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
Syphilis < 2 years duration**
5.2
8.0
43.1
9.1
2.6
3.1
10.7
3.6
8.2
Syphilis > 2 years or unspecified duration§, **
3.1
6.0
28.2
5.9
6.7
2.3
15.3
2.2
8.0
Vaccine preventable diseases
Diphtheria
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Haemophilus influenzae type b
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
Influenza (laboratory confirmed)
1,074.8
971.8
688.2
1,157.5
2,062.9
375.7
510.5
598.4
918.2
Measles
6.3
0.4
0.0
0.7
0.0
3.9
1.3
1.9
1.0
Mumps
1.0
0.9
0.0
0.9
1.0
1.6
0.3
1.6
0.8
Pertussis
91.2
42.7
54.7
26.0
30.2
8.6
89.0
74.1
53.5
Pneumococcal disease (invasive)
5.2
10.0
26.5
8.7
14.8
9.4
9.3
11.4
10.1
Poliomyelitis
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Rubella
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
Rubella €“ congenital
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Tetanus
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Varicella zoster (chickenpox)
6.3
NN
56.4
10.4
19.4
8.6
11.3
19.4
13.7
Varicella zoster (shingles)
29.4
NN
107.8
0.6
111.6
48.3
21.3
57.1
32.9
Varicella zoster (unspecified)
60.8
NN
5.0
119.4
16.3
29.6
62.9
43.6
69.5
Vectorborne diseases
Arbovirus infection (NEC)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Barmah Forest virus infection
0.0
1.2
8.3
3.9
0.0
0.0
0.3
1.7
1.5
Dengue virus infection
1.0
3.1
21.6
3.1
3.4
2.3
0.3
13.3
3.7
Japanese encephalitis virus infection
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Kunjin virus infection††
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Malaria
4.2
1.0
6.6
1.6
0.2
1.6
1.5
1.4
1.4
Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection††
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Ross River virus infection
0.0
7.3
122.7
34.6
3.6
0.0
2.7
32.8
15.1
Zoonoses
Anthrax
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Australia bat lyssavirus
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Brucellosis
0.0
0.1
1.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
Leptospirosis
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.5
0.2
0.8
0.3
0.2
0.3
Lyssavirus (NEC)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Ornithosis
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.1
Q fever
0.0
2.2
0.0
4.6
0.2
0.0
0.3
0.5
1.8
Tularaemia
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other bacterial diseases
Legionellosis
0.0
0.6
3.3
2.4
2.2
3.1
1.5
4.8
1.8
Leprosy
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Meningococcal infection‡‡
1.0
0.4
1.7
1.2
3.6
1.6
0.9
0.6
1.0
Tuberculosis
8.4
7.2
13.3
4.0
2.2
2.3
6.8
7.1
6.1

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