National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System, 1 October to 31 December 2013

The National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System collates data from Australian states and territories. These data have been published on the Department of Health website and quarterly data are published in Communicable Diseases Intelligence. This page contains data for the reporting period 1 October to 31 December 2013.

Page last updated: 30 June 2014

A summary of diseases currently being reported by each jurisdiction is provided in Table 1. There were 55,328 notifications to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) with a notification received date between 1 October to 31 December 2013 (Table 2). The notification rate of diseases per 100,000 population for each state or territory is presented in Table 3.

Table 1: Reporting of notifiable diseases by jurisdiction
Disease Data received from:
* Infections with Shiga-like toxin (verotoxin) producing Escherichia coli.

NEC Not elsewhere classified.
Bloodborne diseases
Hepatitis (NEC)
All jurisdictions
Hepatitis B (newly acquired)
All jurisdictions
Hepatitis B (unspecified)
All jurisdictions
Hepatitis C (newly acquired)
All jurisdictions except Queensland
Hepatitis C (unspecified)
All jurisdictions
Hepatitis D
All jurisdictions
Gastrointestinal diseases
Botulism
All jurisdictions
Campylobacteriosis
All jurisdictions except New South Wales
Cryptosporidiosis
All jurisdictions
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome
All jurisdictions
Hepatitis A
All jurisdictions
Hepatitis E
All jurisdictions
Listeriosis
All jurisdictions
STEC, VTEC*
All jurisdictions
Salmonellosis
All jurisdictions
Shigellosis
All jurisdictions
Typhoid
All jurisdictions
Quarantinable diseases
Cholera
All jurisdictions
Highly pathogenic avian influenza in humans
All jurisdictions
Plague
All jurisdictions
Rabies
All jurisdictions
Severe acute respiratory syndrome
All jurisdictions
Smallpox
All jurisdictions
Viral haemorrhagic fever
All jurisdictions
Yellow fever
All jurisdictions
Sexually transmissible infections
Chlamydial infection
All jurisdictions
Donovanosis
All jurisdictions
Gonococcal infection
All jurisdictions
Syphilis - congenital
All jurisdictions
Syphilis <2 years duration
All jurisdictions
Syphilis >2 years or unspecified duration
All jurisdictions
Vaccine preventable diseases
Diphtheria
All jurisdictions
Haemophilus influenzae type b
All jurisdictions
Influenza (laboratory confirmed)
All jurisdictions
Measles
All jurisdictions
Mumps
All jurisdictions
Pertussis
All jurisdictions
Pneumococcal disease (invasive)
All jurisdictions
Poliomyelitis
All jurisdictions
Rubella
All jurisdictions
Rubella - congenital
All jurisdictions
Tetanus
All jurisdictions
Varicella zoster (chickenpox)
All jurisdictions except New South Wales
Varicella zoster (shingles)
All jurisdictions except New South Wales
Varicella zoster (unspecified)
All jurisdictions except New South Wales
Vectorborne diseases
Arbovirus infection (NEC)
All jurisdictions
Barmah Forest virus infection
All jurisdictions
Dengue virus infection
All jurisdictions
Japanese encephalitis virus infection
All jurisdictions
Kunjin virus infection
All jurisdictions
Malaria
All jurisdictions
Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection
All jurisdictions
Ross River virus infection
All jurisdictions
Zoonoses
Anthrax
All jurisdictions
Australian bat lyssavirus
All jurisdictions
Brucellosis
All jurisdictions
Leptospirosis
All jurisdictions
Lyssavirus (NEC)
All jurisdictions
Ornithosis
All jurisdictions
Q fever
All jurisdictions
Tularaemia
All jurisdictions
Other bacterial infections
Legionellosis
All jurisdictions
Leprosy
All jurisdictions
Meningococcal infection
All jurisdictions
Tuberculosis
All jurisdictions

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Table 2: Notifications of diseases received by state and territory health authorities, 1 October to 31 December 2013, by date of diagnosis*
  State or territory Total 4th quarter 2013 Total 3rd quarter 2012 Total 4th quarter 2012 Last 5 years mean 4th quarter Ratio Year to date 2013 Last 5 years YTD mean
Disease ACT NSW NT Qld SA Tas Vic WA

* The date of diagnosis is the onset date or where the date of onset was not known, the earliest of the specimen collection date, the notification date, or the notification receive date. For hepatitis B (unspecified), hepatitis C (unspecified), leprosy, syphilis (> 2 years or unspecified duration) and tuberculosis, the public health unit notification receive date was used.

† Newly acquired hepatitis includes cases where the infection was determined to be acquired within 24 months prior to diagnosis. Queensland reports hepatitis C newly acquired under hepatitis   unspecified.

‡ Unspecified hepatitis and syphilis includes cases where the duration of infection could not be determined or is greater than 24 months.

§ Infection with Shiga toxin/verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli.

|| Includes Chlamydia trachomatis identified from cervical, rectal, urine, urethral and throat samples, except for South Australia, which reports only cervical, urine and urethral specimens. From 1 July 2013 case definition changed to exclude all ocular infections.

¶ The national case definitions for chlamydial, gonococcal and syphilis diagnoses include infections that may be acquired through a non-sexual mode (especially in children – e.g. perinatal infections, epidemic gonococcal conjunctivitis).

** In the Australian Capital Territory, Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection and Kunjin virus infection are combined under Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection.

†† Only invasive meningococcal disease is nationally notifiable. However, New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory also report conjunctival cases.

NN Not notifiable

NEC Not elsewhere classified

Totals comprise data from all states and territories. Cumulative figures are subject to retrospective revision so there may be discrepancies between the number of new notifications and the increment in the cumulative figure from the previous period.

Bloodborne diseases
Hepatitis (NEC)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
Hepatitis B (newly acquired)
0
9
3
12
1
0
7
12
44
34
55
53.4
0.8
168
226.8
Hepatitis B (unspecified)
28
663
60
258
63
15
470
185
1,742
1,887
1,590
1,606.2
1.1
7,026
6,707.0
Hepatitis C (newly acquired)
5
8
0
NN
14
2
47
36
112
99
118
102.8
1.1
404
410.2
Hepatitis C (unspecified)
36
900
49
653
121
51
553
243
2,606
2,773
2,412
2,546.8
1.0
10,314
10,504.2
Hepatitis D
0
1
0
3
0
0
6
3
13
8
10
7.8
1.7
53
36.4
Gastrointestinal diseases
Botulism
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0.0
0.0
4
0.6
Campylobacteriosis
82
NN
47
1,256
392
237
1,821
635
4,470
3,520
3,894
4,405.8
1.0
14,677
16,407.0
Cryptosporidiosis
6
147
14
176
27
9
137
59
575
420
438
392.6
1.5
3,848
2,612.0
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome
0
4
0
0
1
0
1
0
6
2
5
5.0
1.2
15
17.4
Hepatitis A
0
10
0
14
4
0
5
0
33
45
47
85.4
0.4
189
283.4
Hepatitis E
1
4
0
2
0
0
2
0
9
2
8
6.6
1.4
31
38.0
Listeriosis
0
4
2
0
0
0
7
2
15
15
28
19.4
0.8
76
78.8
STEC, VTEC§
1
8
0
7
10
0
1
2
29
78
34
32.8
0.9
179
102.6
Salmonellosis
43
929
84
1,066
230
48
680
308
3,388
2,249
2,823
2,635.8
1.3
12,795
10,649.0
Shigellosis
3
51
24
15
9
2
39
27
170
128
132
145.2
1.2
556
608.0
Typhoid
3
13
0
5
2
0
12
2
37
16
31
27.6
1.3
150
115.2
Quarantinable diseases
Cholera
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0.8
2.5
3
4.6
Highly pathogenic avian influenza in humans
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
Plague
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
Rabies
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
Severe acute respiratory syndrome
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
Smallpox
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
Viral haemorrhagic fever
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
Yellow fever
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
1.0
Sexually transmissible infections
Chlamydial infection||,¶
306
5,279
758
4,934
1,112
354
4,718
2,751
20,212
20,419
19,785
17,391.6
1.2
82,463
71,923.0
Donovanosis
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
1.0
Gonococcal infection
29
1,012
451
626
161
22
796
521
3,618
3,622
3,521
2,640.6
1.4
14,932
10,443.6
Syphilis – congenital
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
3
0
1.0
1.0
7
4.0
Syphilis < 2 years duration
1
138
6
78
13
4
179
20
439
462
393
311.2
1.4
1,755
1,327.8
Syphilis > 2 years or unspecified duration‡,¶
4
98
14
71
30
1
149
24
391
474
322
324.6
1.2
1,729
1,346.6
Vaccine preventable diseases
Diphtheria
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0.0
0.0
2
0.8
Haemophilus influenzae type b
0
2
0
2
0
0
0
0
4
8
3
3.8
1.1
20
19.2
Influenza (laboratory confirmed)
79
1,078
199
1,488
1,694
114
1,202
600
6,454
16,983
3,070
2,485.0
2.6
28,279
30,693.6
Measles
1
15
0
32
13
0
16
10
87
44
30
20.0
4.4
158
126.4
Mumps
0
17
3
8
2
1
5
3
39
44
40
36.0
1.1
218
181.0
Pertussis
84
633
19
844
284
37
821
471
3,193
2,978
5,975
9,105.0
0.4
12,337
28,415.2
Pneumococcal disease (invasive)
6
94
11
54
27
11
91
45
339
554
354
363.2
0.9
1,547
1,705.8
Poliomyelitis
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
Rubella
1
0
0
3
1
0
1
0
6
11
6
6.2
1.0
25
40.4
Rubella – congenital
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0.0
0.0
2
0.2
Tetanus
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
0.8
0.0
4
3.8
Varicella zoster (chickenpox)
7
NN
16
56
119
10
330
124
662
569
515
586.2
1.1
2,038
1,894.6
Varicella zoster (shingles)
15
NN
74
14
508
60
356
360
1,387
1,137
1,215
904.8
1.5
5,007
3,340.2
Varicella zoster (unspecified)
36
NN
3
1,467
34
26
858
321
2,745
2,712
2,295
1,908.8
1.4
9,935
6,913.2
Vectorborne diseases
Arbovirus infection (NEC)
0
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
4
8
1
2.8
1.4
21
11.8
Barmah Forest virus infection
0
63
33
283
1
0
6
73
459
798
654
424.4
1.1
4,245
1,723.2
Dengue virus infection
1
70
10
61
24
6
78
84
334
512
229
247.2
1.4
1,845
1,110.2
Japanese encephalitis virus infection
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0.0
0.0
4
0.4
Kunjin virus infection**
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0.2
15.0
3
1.4
Malaria
2
19
5
19
3
1
17
17
83
107
96
105.8
0.8
414
440.0
Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection**
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0.2
0.0
1
4.6
Ross River virus infection
1
92
88
379
36
3
42
322
963
680
707
840.6
1.1
4,309
5,061.0
Zoonoses
Anthrax
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.2
Australian bat lyssavirus
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
1
0.0
Brucellosis
0
2
0
3
0
0
0
0
5
1
7
8.0
0.6
14
33.4
Leptospirosis
0
3
2
11
1
0
5
0
22
23
12
21.4
1.0
95
142.6
Lyssavirus (NEC)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
Ornithosis
0
1
0
1
0
0
12
1
15
9
31
24.8
0.6
47
79.0
Q fever
0
53
1
52
3
0
8
3
120
116
86
89.2
1.3
475
348.0
Tularaemia
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0.0
0
1.0
Other bacterial infections
Legionellosis
2
22
4
36
22
2
14
23
125
172
98
86.0
1.5
507
323.8
Leprosy
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
4
3
2
2.6
1.5
13
8.6
Meningococcal infection††
0
14
0
10
3
0
5
2
34
49
41
54.6
0.6
149
247.8
Tuberculosis
4
118
10
30
20
1
99
45
327
336
378
383.4
0.9
1,274
1,319.4
Total
787
11,577
1,991
14,038
4,986
1,017
13,598
7,334
55,328
64,114
51,495
   
224,363
 

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Table 3: Notification rates of diseases, 1 October to 31 December 2013, by state or territory. (Annualised rate per 100,000 population)*,†
Disease State or territory Aust.
ACT NSW NT Qld SA Tas. Vic. WA

* The date of diagnosis is the onset date or where the date of onset was not known, the earliest of the specimen collection date, the notification date, or the notification receive date. For hepatitis B (unspecified), hepatitis C (unspecified), leprosy, syphilis (> 2 years or unspecified duration) and tuberculosis, the public health unit notification receive date was used.

† Rate per 100,000 of population. Annualisation Factor was 4.0

‡ Newly acquired hepatitis includes cases where the infection was determined to be acquired within 24 months prior to diagnosis. Queensland reports hepatitis C newly acquired under hepatitis C unspecified.

§ Unspecified hepatitis and syphilis includes cases where the duration of infection could not be determined or is greater than 24 months.

|| Infection with Shiga toxin/verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli.

¶ Includes Chlamydia trachomatis identified from cervical, rectal, urine, urethral and throat samples, except for South Australia, which reports only cervical, urine and urethral specimens. From 1 July 2013 case definition changed to exclude all ocular infections.

** The national case definitions for chlamydial, gonococcal and syphilis diagnoses include infections that may be acquired through a non-sexual mode (especially in children – e.g. perinatal infections, epidemic gonococcal conjunctivitis).

†† In the Australian Capital Territory, Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection and Kunjin virus infection are combined under Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection.

‡‡ Only invasive meningococcal disease is nationally notifiable. However, New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory also report conjunctival cases.

NEC Not elsewhere classified.

NN Not notifiable.

Bloodborne diseases
Hepatitis (NEC)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Hepatitis B (newly acquired)
0.0
0.5
5.1
1.1
0.2
0.0
0.5
2.0
0.8
Hepatitis B (unspecified)§
29.9
36.3
102.0
22.6
15.2
11.7
33.4
30.4
30.7
Hepatitis C (newly acquired)
5.3
0.4
0.0
NN
3.4
1.6
3.3
5.9
2.5
Hepatitis C (unspecified)§
38.4
49.3
83.3
57.2
29.2
39.8
39.3
40.0
45.9
Hepatitis D
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.5
0.2
Gastrointestinal diseases
Botulism
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Campylobacteriosis
87.5
NN
79.9
110.0
94.7
185.0
129.4
104.4
116.0
Cryptosporidiosis
6.4
8.1
23.8
15.4
6.5
7.0
9.7
9.7
10.1
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
Hepatitis A
0.0
0.5
0.0
1.2
1.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.6
Hepatitis E
1.1
0.2
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.2
Listeriosis
0.0
0.2
3.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.3
0.3
STEC, VTEC||
1.1
0.4
0.0
0.6
2.4
0.0
0.1
0.3
0.5
Salmonellosis
45.9
50.9
142.9
93.4
55.5
37.5
48.3
50.6
59.7
Shigellosis
3.2
2.8
40.8
1.3
2.2
1.6
2.8
4.4
3.0
Typhoid fever
3.2
0.7
0.0
0.4
0.5
0.0
0.9
0.3
0.7
Quarantinable diseases
Cholera
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Human pathogenic avian influenza in humans
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Plague
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Rabies
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Severe acute respiratory syndrome
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Smallpox
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Viral haemorrhagic fever
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Yellow fever
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Sexually transmitted infections
Chlamydial infection¶,**
326.5
289.2
1,289.2
432.3
268.6
276.4
335.3
452.3
356.0
Donovanosis
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Gonococcal infection**
30.9
55.4
767.1
54.8
38.9
17.2
56.6
85.7
63.7
Syphilis – congenital
0.0
0.0
1.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Syphilis < 2 years duration**
1.1
7.6
10.2
6.8
3.1
3.1
12.7
3.3
7.7
Syphilis > 2 years or unspecified duration§,**
4.3
5.4
23.8
6.2
7.2
0.8
10.6
3.9
6.9
Vaccine preventable diseases
Diphtheria
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Haemophilus influenzae type b
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
Influenza (laboratory confirmed)
84.3
59.1
338.5
130.4
409.1
89.0
85.4
98.7
113.7
Measles
1.1
0.8
0.0
2.8
3.1
0.0
1.1
1.6
1.5
Mumps
0.0
0.9
5.1
0.7
0.5
0.8
0.4
0.5
0.7
Pertussis
89.6
34.7
32.3
73.9
68.6
28.9
58.3
77.4
56.2
Pneumococcal disease (invasive)
6.4
5.1
18.7
4.7
6.5
8.6
6.5
7.4
6.0
Poliomyelitis
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Rubella
1.1
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
Rubella – congenital
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
Tetanus
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Varicella zoster (chickenpox)
7.5
NN
27.2
4.9
28.7
7.8
23.4
20.4
17.2
Varicella zoster (shingles)
16.0
NN
125.9
1.2
122.7
46.8
25.3
59.2
36.0
Varicella zoster (unspecified)
38.4
NN
5.1
128.5
8.2
20.3
61.0
52.8
71.3
Vectorborne diseases
Arbovirus infection (NEC)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
Barmah Forest virus infection
0.0
3.5
56.1
24.8
0.2
0.0
0.4
12.0
8.1
Dengue virus infection
1.1
3.8
17.0
5.3
5.8
4.7
5.5
13.8
5.9
Japanese encephalitis virus infection
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Kunjin virus infection††
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
Malaria
2.1
1.0
8.5
1.7
0.7
0.8
1.2
2.8
1.5
Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection††
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Ross River virus infection
1.1
5.0
149.7
33.2
8.7
2.3
3.0
52.9
17.0
Zoonoses
Anthrax
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Australia bat lyssavirus
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Brucellosis
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
Leptospirosis
0.0
0.2
3.4
1.0
0.2
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.4
Lyssavirus (NEC)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Ornithosis
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.2
0.3
Q fever
0.0
2.9
1.7
4.6
0.7
0.0
0.6
0.5
2.1
Tularaemia
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other bacterial diseases
Legionellosis
2.1
1.2
6.8
3.2
5.3
1.6
1.0
3.8
2.2
Leprosy
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
Meningococcal infection‡‡
0.0
0.8
0.0
0.9
0.7
0.0
0.4
0.3
0.6
Tuberculosis
4.3
6.5
17.0
2.6
4.8
0.8
7.0
7.4
5.8

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