In 2007, 69 diseases and conditions were nationally notifiable in Australia. States and territories reported a total of 146,991 notifications of communicable diseases to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System, an increase of 5% on the number of notifications in 2006. In 2007, the most frequently notified diseases were sexually transmissible infections (62,474 notifications, 43% of total notifications), gastrointestinal diseases (30,325 notifications, 21% of total notifications) and vaccine preventable diseases (25,347 notifications, 17% of total notifications). There were 19,570 notifications of bloodborne diseases; 6,823 notifications of vectorborne diseases; 1,762 notifications of other bacterial infections; 687 notifications of zoonoses and 3 notifications of quarantinable diseases. Commun Dis Intell 2009;33:89–153.
Australia's notifiable diseases status, 2007, is an annual surveillance report of nationally notifiable communicable diseases. Communicable disease surveillance in Australia operates at the national, jurisdictional and local levels. Primary responsibility for public health action lies with the state and territory health departments. The role of communicable disease surveillance at a national level includes:
- identifying national trends;
- guidance for policy development and resource allocation at a national level;
- monitoring the need for and impact of national disease control programs;
- coordination of response to national or multi-jurisdictional outbreaks;
- description of the epidemiology of rare diseases, that occur infrequently at state and territory levels;
- meeting various international reporting requirements, such as providing disease statistics to the World Health Organization (WHO); and
- support for quarantine activities, which are the responsibility of the national government.
This issue - Vol 33 No 2, June 2009
NNDSS Annual report 2007