National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System - current CDNA fortnightly report

The Communicable Diseases Network Australia (CDNA) holds fortnightly teleconferences to share and evaluate the latest information and developments in communicable diseases surveillance. This report provides a fortnightly summary on diseases of current interest and notifications of Australia's nationally notifiable diseases.

Page last updated: 16 September 2016

Fortnight 18: 27 August to 09 September 2016

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Flavivirus infection (unspecified)

Zika virus infection is notified under flavivirus unspecified. For the latest information on Zika virus infection, including the number of imported cases reported in Australia and the countries known to have ongoing transmission refer to the Department’s website.

Influenza (laboratory confirmed)

Notifications of laboratory confirmed influenza in the week ending 9 September 2016 declined at the national level following a peak in notifications in the week prior. Additionally national indicators of ILI are declining, suggesting the season may have peaked or is close to peaking. The Australian Government Department of Health continues to monitor influenza activity and has commenced publication of a detailed analysis of influenza activity on the Department's website.


Interpretative Notes

Selected diseases are chosen each fortnight based on either exceeding two standard deviations from the 90 day and/or 365 day five year rolling mean or other disease issues of significance identified during the reporting period. All diseases reported are analysed by notification receive date. Data are extracted each Monday of a CDNA week.

Totals comprise data from all States and Territories. Cumulative figures are subject to retrospective revision so there may be discrepancies between the number of new notifications and the increment in the cumulative figure from the previous period.

  1. The past quarter (90 day) surveillance period includes the date range 12/06/2016 to 09/09/2016.
  2. The quarterly (90 day) five year rolling mean is the average of 5 intervals of 90 days up to 09/09/2016. The ratio is the notification activity in the past quarter (90 days) compared with the five year rolling mean for the same period.
  3. The past year (365 day) surveillance period includes the date range 11/09/2015 to 09/09/2016.
  4. The yearly (365 day) five year rolling mean is the average of 5 intervals of 365 days up to 09/09/2016. The ratio is the notification activity in the past year (365 days) compared with the five year rolling mean for the same period.

The five year rolling mean and the ratio of notifications compared with the five year rolling mean should be interpreted with caution. Changes in surveillance practice, diagnostic techniques and reporting may contribute to increases or decreases in the total notifications received over a five year period. Ratios are to be taken as a crude measure of current disease activity and may reflect changes in reporting rather than changes in disease activity.


Table of communicable disease notifications reported to the NNDSS for this fortnight

Please use the scroll bar located at the end of the table below to view all columns.

A copy of the table of communicable disease notifications for this fortnight is also included in the PDF printable version of the NNDSS report.

Notifications of Nationally Notifiable Diseases for the period 27/08/2016 to 09/09/2016

Footnotes:

* Ratio of the 90 day prior surveillance period to the past 90 day 5 year rolling mean, or ratio of the 365 day prior surveillance period to the 365 day 5 year rolling mean.
° Data for Victoria is incomplete from 29 August 2016.
^ Data for Victoria is incomplete from 24 August 2016.
˜ Data for Victoria is incomplete from 31 August 2016.
ʱ Data for Victoria is incomplete from 30 August 2016.
† Data for Victoria is incomplete from 6 July 2016.
ᴹ Data for Victoria is incomplete from 2 September 2016.
ᵡ Data for Victoria is incomplete from 2 September 2016.
ˠ Data for Victoria is incomplete from 1 September 2016.
i Data for Victoria is incomplete from 15 July 2016.

NN = Not Notifiable, NEC = Not Elsewhere Classified

Dates used are:

  • Past Quarter (90d prior surveillance period): 12/06/2016 to 09/09/2016
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean):
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 1: 12/06/2015 to 09/09/2015
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 2: 12/06/2014 to 09/09/2014
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 3: 12/06/2013 to 09/09/2013
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 4: 12/06/2012 to 09/09/2012
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 5: 12/06/2011 to 09/09/2011
  • Past year (365d prior surveillance period): 11/09/2015 to 09/09/2016
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean):
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 1: 10/09/2014 to 09/09/2015
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 2: 10/09/2013 to 09/09/2014
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 3: 10/09/2012 to 09/09/2013
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 4: 11/09/2011 to 09/09/2012
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 5: 10/09/2010 to 09/09/2011
  State or Territory Totals for Australia Historical 90 Day Period Historical 365 Day Period
Disease ACT NSW NT QLD SA TAS VIC WA This
Reporting
Period
Previous
Reporting
Period
Same
Reporting
Period
Last Year
2016 YTD Past
Quarter
Quarterly
Rolling
5 year
mean
Ratio
Past
Quarter
/5 year
mean
Exceeds
Quarterly
rolling
mean +2
SD by
Past
Year
Yearly
rolling
5 year
mean
Ratio
Past
year
/5 year
mean
Exceeds
Yearly
rolling
mean +2
SD by
Bloodborne diseases
Hepatitis B (newly acquired) 0 0 0 1 0 0 3 0 4 5 5 106 28 41.0 0.7 - 135 179.0 0.8 -
Hepatitis B (unspecified) 6 80 0 54 2 3 49 21 215 228 291 4,664 1,627 1,661.2 1.0 - 6,573 6,476.0 1.0 -
Hepatitis C (newly acquired)° 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 7 9 8 24 229 66 105.2 0.6 - 361 429.8 0.8 -
Hepatitis C (unspecified)° 8 137 10 111 3 14 52 58 393 355 337 7,505 2,456 2,257.2 1.1 - 10,559 9,039.4 1.2 975.3
Hepatitis D 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 33 13 14.0 0.9 - 41 50.6 0.8 -
Gastrointestinal diseases
Botulism 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0.4 0.0 - 1 1.8 0.6 -
Campylobacteriosis^ 20 NN 19 253 121 46 42 158 659 900 776 15,566 5,543 4,188.8 1.3 - 23,342 17,793.0 1.3 71.4
Cryptosporidiosis˜ 0 23 2 23 8 4 29 6 95 75 66 4,405 733 425.6 1.7 139.7 5,578 2,876.2 1.9 1,110.1
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 2 3.4 0.6 - 14 17.2 0.8 -
Hepatitis A 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 5 4 4 100 25 38.6 0.6 - 132 189.2 0.7 -
Hepatitis E 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 30 4 9.0 0.4 - 43 39.4 1.1 -
Listeriosis 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 3 2 59 10 14.0 0.7 - 87 76.0 1.1 -
Paratyhoid 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 61 14 10.8 1.3 - 80 72.6 1.1 -
STEC 0 1 0 1 10 0 0 1 13 12 2 182 86 31.0 2.8 4.9 235 120.6 1.9 33.2
Salmonellosisʱ 10 92 14 89 32 5 73 39 354 378 390 13,890 3,321 2,337.0 1.4 173.2 18,114 13,637.0 1.3 -
Shigellosis 0 11 6 14 1 1 19 4 56 63 31 1,011 377 164.0 2.3 54.9 1,252 705.0 1.8 -
Typhoid Fever 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 4 2 73 16 18.6 0.9 - 99 127.2 0.8 -
Quarantinable diseases
Avian influenza in humans (AIH) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Cholera 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0.6 0.0 - 1 3.4 0.3 -
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Plague 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Rabies 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Smallpox 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Viral haemorrhagic fever (NEC) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Yellow fever 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Sexually transmissible infections
Chlamydial infection 40 697 66 870 172 0 0 449 2,294 2,662 2,401 53,134 17,392 19,558.4 0.9 - 73,420 81,605.4 0.9 -
Donovanosis 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.0 - 0 0.6 0.0 -
Gonococcal infection 9 122 53 160 42 2 1 124 513 677 635 15,289 4,727 3,587.8 1.3 - 21,040 14,575.8 1.4 1,809.7
Syphilis < 2 yearsᵡ 1 9 10 16 2 0 10 20 68 97 103 2,042 642 480.4 1.3 - 2,924 1,751.4 1.7 163.1
Syphilis > 2 years or unspecified durationᵡ 1 2 0 5 1 0 76 0 85 55 52 1,272 449 411.8 1.1 - 1,852 1,593.6 1.2 -
Syphilis - congenital 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1.4 0.7 - 4 3.6 1.1 -
Vaccine preventable diseases
Diphtheria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 2 0.2 10.0 0.9 6 1.8 3.3 1.2
Haemophilus influenzae type b 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 0 14 4 6.8 0.6 - 18 18.2 1.0 -
Influenza (laboratory confirmed)ᴹ 416 6,806 47 3,675 792 263 2,031 1,282 15,312 13,060 19,542 57,932 46,938 34,055.2 1.4 - 82,391 50,260.6 1.6 -
Measles 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 0 5 65 13 49.2 0.3 - 80 193.6 0.4 -
Mumps 0 1 11 4 1 0 0 13 30 26 39 664 161 69.0 2.3 - 1,005 214.2 4.7 648.3
Pertussis 21 431 2 76 80 0 63 83 756 630 909 13,227 3,911 4,920.2 0.8 - 23,092 23,540.4 1.0 -
Pneumococcal disease (invasive)ˠ 3 33 1 15 7 1 23 18 101 107 84 1,113 621 635.6 1.0 - 1,554 1,685.2 0.9 -
Poliovirus infection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Rubella 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 16 5 9.6 0.5 - 20 31.4 0.6 -
Rubella congenital 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.0 - 1 0.6 1.7 -
Tetanus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0.4 0.0 - 5 3.8 1.3 -
Varicella zoster (chickenpox)i 2 NN 1 11 9 0 3 30 56 68 125 1,576 551 591.8 0.9 - 2,438 2,132.4 1.1 -
Varicella zoster (shingles)i 5 NN 11 0 57 8 4 38 123 163 215 4,397 1,260 1,180.2 1.1 - 6,354 4,867.2 1.3 -
Varicella zoster (unspecified)i 4 NN 0 299 37 11 57 86 494 442 512 9,989 3,168 2,674.8 1.2 - 14,293 10,516.6 1.4 37.4
Vectorborne diseases
Barmah Forest virus infection 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 5 8 15 276 45 328.4 0.1 - 378 1,916.8 0.2 -
Chikungunya virus infection 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 2 3 3 44 10 22.8 0.4 - 59 85.4 0.7 -
Dengue virus infection 0 8 2 6 4 1 0 11 32 43 45 1,724 415 311.4 1.3 - 2,042 1,569.4 1.3 -
Flavivirus unspecified (unspecified) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 83 16 3.0 5.3 7.2 84 13.4 6.3 60.6
Japanese encephalitis virus infection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6 0.0 - 1 1.6 0.6 -
Kunjin virus infection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.0 - 1 1.0 1.0 -
Malaria 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 4 7 6 10 204 66 89.6 0.7 - 274 356.8 0.8 -
Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.0 - 0 3.8 0.0 -
Ross River virus infection 0 5 4 18 1 0 0 2 30 49 133 3,227 355 661.4 0.5 - 4,475 5,789.4 0.8 -
Zoonoses
Anthrax 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Australian bat lyssavirus infection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.2 0.0 -
Brucellosis 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 12 6 5.2 1.2 - 17 23.4 0.7 -
Leptospirosis 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 1 5 106 22 27.4 0.8 - 117 121.0 1.0 -
Lyssavirus infecton (NEC) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Ornithosis 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 8 3 10.8 0.3 - 17 59.0 0.3 -
Q fever 0 1 0 9 0 0 0 2 12 14 24 351 101 109.2 0.9 - 549 437.8 1.3 -
Tularaemia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.3 0.0 -
Other bacterial infections
Legionellosis 0 6 0 5 0 0 0 5 16 11 11 256 94 98.8 1.0 - 370 403.8 0.9 -
Leprosy 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 12 6 3.6 1.7 - 17 10.6 1.6 3.4
Meningococcal disease (invasive) 0 6 0 1 2 0 3 1 13 19 14 150 73 63.6 1.1 - 204 197.0 1.0 -
Tuberculosis 0 8 0 8 1 0 14 6 37 44 54 841 285 321.8 0.9 - 1,270 1,323.8 1.0 -
Totals 546 8,485 259 5,734 1,388 359 2,557 2,475 21,803 20,230 26,870 215,957 95,663        307,019       
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